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The influence of methyl jasmonate and beta-glucosidase on induction of apple tree resistance mechanisms to two-spotted spider mite (Tetranychus urncae Koch.)

, : The influence of methyl jasmonate and beta-glucosidase on induction of apple tree resistance mechanisms to two-spotted spider mite (Tetranychus urncae Koch.). Communications in Agricultural and Applied Biological Sciences 68(4 Pt A): 265-270

The objective of the research was to determine the influence of methyl jasmonate (JA-Me) and beta-glucosidase on the mechanisms of apple tree resistance to T. urticae like antibiosis and non-preference. The experiments were conducted on leaves of Close and Jester apple cultivars in laboratory conditions. Leaves were treated with: 1. solution of 0.1% JA-Me in 0.05% Triton X-100 (by spraying); 2. beta-glucosidase dissolved in 0.1 M citrate buffer at pH 6 (by petiole); 3. 0.05% solution of the Triton X-100 (by spraying); 4. 0.1 M citrate buffer at pH 6 (by petiole); 5. non-treated leaves. In the no-choice test, application of JA-Me on leaves of apple trees caused reducing of number of eggs laid up during three days of the experiment. In the choice test, which was carried out for determination of non-preference mechanism of resistance, there was not significant differences between number of mites on leaves treated with JA-Me compared to leaves treated with beta-glucosidase, and to non-treated leaves after 24 hours from solutions application. However, at the same experiment, females of T. urticae laid the least number of eggs on leaves treated with JA-Me. Analysis conducted using liquid chromatography method, revealed higher level of phenolic compounds on leaves treated with JA-Me compared to check and leaves treated with beta-glucosidase. Thus, it appears that JA-Me may be regarded as elicitor of induced resistance of apple tree to two-spotted spider mite.


PMID: 15149117

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