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Variant IRAK-1 haplotype is associated with increased nuclear factor-kappaB activation and worse outcomes in sepsis

, : Variant IRAK-1 haplotype is associated with increased nuclear factor-kappaB activation and worse outcomes in sepsis. American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine 173(12): 1335-1341

The IL-1 receptor-associated kinase (IRAK-1) plays a central role in TLR2- and TLR4-induced activation of nuclear factor (NF)-kappaB, a critical event in the transcriptional regulation of many sepsis-associated proinflammatory mediators. There are two haplotypes for the IRAK-1 gene in Caucasians, with the variant haplotype consisting of five intron single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) and three exon SNPs. To examine the functional significance of the IRAK-1 variant haplotype in modifying nuclear translocation of NF-kappaB and affecting outcomes from sepsis. One hundred fifty-five Caucasian patients with sepsis were included. Twenty-one (14%) were homozygous for the IRAK-1 variant haplotype as determined by a SNP in which T is replaced with C at nucleotide 1,595 within exon 12 of the IRAK-1 gene. The IRAK-1 variant haplotype was associated with increased nuclear levels of NF-kappaB in LPS-stimulated peripheral blood neutrophils from patients with sepsis compared with that found in patients with wild-type IRAK-1 haplotype (p=0.0009). There was an increased incidence of shock (p=0.047) (odds ratio [OR], 2.9; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.1-7.7), greater requirement for more prolonged mechanical ventilator support (p=0.04) (OR, 2.7; 95% CI, 1.05-6.9), and higher 60-d mortality (p=0.05) (OR, 2.7; 95% CI, 1.0-6.8) in patients with the IRAK-1 variant haplotype compared with wild type. These results indicate that the IRAK-1 variant haplotype is functionally significant in patients with sepsis, being associated with increased nuclear translocation of NF-kappaB, more severe organ dysfunction, and higher mortality.


PMID: 16528020

DOI: 10.1164/rccm.200603-341OC

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