geoscience.net logo
+ Resolve Article
+ Follow Us
Follow on FacebookFollow on Facebook
Follow on TwitterFollow on Twitter

+ Translate
+ Subscribe to Site Feed
GeoScience Most Shared ContentMost Shared Content

A pilot study of the effect of providing daily free fruit to primary-school children in Auckland, New Zealand


, : A pilot study of the effect of providing daily free fruit to primary-school children in Auckland, New Zealand. Public Health Nutrition 12(5): 693-701

To determine the uptake of a free fruit provision to low-decile primary-school children by quantitatively assessing changes in fruit intake. A randomised controlled trial using a paired, cluster randomisation. Twenty low-decile primary schools (schools attended by the most deprived children) in Auckland, New Zealand. In total 2032 children, aged 7-11 years, provided data on at least one occasion. Ten pairs of low-decile primary schools matched by roll size and location were randomly allocated to control (no free fruit) or intervention (free fruit) for a school term. Dietary assessments using the 24 h recall methodology were made at baseline, on the last week of the intervention and 6 weeks post-intervention. Fruit intakes in this cohort were lower than the national average with over 40 % reporting no fruit intake at baseline and did not differ between groups. After the free fruit period the intervention group increased school fruit intakes by 0.39 pieces/school d from baseline (P < or = 0.001) and the proportion of children consuming no fruit reduced to 22 %. This increase, however, was not sustained and fruit intakes fell below baseline levels at 6 weeks post-intervention. Control subjects did not significantly alter their fruit intakes throughout the study. Improving exposure and accessibility to fruits at school increases fruit intakes of low socio-economic group children, particularly those who do not normally eat fruit. The present pilot study demonstrates some possible negative effects of short-term free fruit interventions, but is informative for developing and evaluating sustained fruit intervention programmes.

US$19.90

PMID: 18664310

DOI: 10.1017/S1368980008002954


Other references

Elia, F.; Hosfield, G., 1995: Effect of different storage times on cooking time and germination of dry bean seeds. Annual report 38(38): 89-90

Singer, S.Titi., 2009: Variable clinical phenotypes of alpha-thalassemia syndromes. Genetic mutations of the alpha genes are common worldwide. In Asia and particularly Southeast Asia, they can result in clinically significant types of alpha-thalassemia, namely hemoglobin (Hb) H disease and Hb Bart's hydrops fetalis. The latt...

Rapoff, M.; Lindsley, C.; Olson, N.; Padur, J.; Morris, J., 1998: Prevention of medication adherence problems in the treatment of JRA A randomized controlled intervention trial. Arthritis & Rheumatism 41(9 SUPPL ): S358, Sept

Garg, N.; Perry, L.; Deodhar, A., 2015: Intra-articular and soft tissue injections, a systematic review of relative efficacy of various corticosteroids. The comparative efficacy of various Corticosteroid (CS) injections commonly used to treat musculoskeletal conditions has not been systematically studied. Our objective is to synthesize data about comparative efficacy of various CS used for intra-a...

Whittaker R.J., 1977: Examining and examination syllabuses in geology for GCE. Geology Teaching 2(1): 39-47

Harrison, R.M. ., 1990: Pollution causes, effects and control. This second edition of the book has been expanded over the first edition by including new subject material. Several different authors from the UV have contributed to this book and most chapters involve studies performed there. The topics covered i...

Saint-Dizier, M.; Foulon-Gauze, F.; Lecompte, Fçois.; Combarnous, Y.; Chopineau, M., 2004: Cloning and functional expression of the equine luteinizing hormone/chorionic gonadotrophin receptor. Pituitary equine luteinizing hormone (eLH) and fetal chorionic gonadotrophin (eCG) have identical polypeptidic chains, but different linked carbohydrates. In equine tissues, eCG and eLH bind only to the LH/CG receptor (eLH/CG-R) and have no FSH ac...

Zhai, S-Lun.; Chen, R-Ai.; Chen, S-Nan.; Wen, X-Hui.; Lv, D-Hong.; Wu, D-Cheng.; Yuan, J.; Huang, Z.; Zhou, X-Rong.; Luo, M-Lin.; He, D-Sheng.; Wei, W-Kang., 2015: First molecular detection of porcine circovirus type 2 in bovids in China. For the worldwide pig industries, porcine circovirus type 2 (PCV2) is an economically important pathogen. At present, the prevalence of PCV2 is common in Chinese swine herds. However, there is little information on PCV2 prevalence in non-porcine a...

Schulze, A.; Everett, R.; Schaller, P.; Claure, N.; Gerhardt, T.; Suguihara, C.; Bancalari, E., 1996: Inductance plethysmography An alternative signal to servo-control the airway pressure during proportional assist ventilation. Pediatric Research 39(4 PART 2): 349A

Maki, M., 1977: Feto-maternal transfusion syndrome. Nihon Rinsho. Japanese Journal of Clinical Medicine 35 Suppl 1: 1008-1009