+ Resolve Article
+ Follow Us
Follow on FacebookFollow on Facebook
Follow on TwitterFollow on Twitter

+ Translate
+ Subscribe to Site Feed
GeoScience Most Shared ContentMost Shared Content

A systematic review of vocational interventions for young adults with autism spectrum disorders

, : A systematic review of vocational interventions for young adults with autism spectrum disorders. Pediatrics 130(3): 531-538

Many individuals with autism spectrum disorders (ASDs) are approaching adolescence and young adulthood; interventions to assist these individuals with vocational skills are not well understood. This study systematically reviewed evidence regarding vocational interventions for individuals with ASD between the ages of 13 and 30 years. The Medline, PsycINFO, and ERIC databases (1980-December 2011) and reference lists of included articles were searched. Two reviewers independently assessed each study against predetermined inclusion/exclusion criteria. Two reviewers independently extracted data regarding participant and intervention characteristics, assessment techniques, and outcomes, and assigned overall quality and strength of evidence ratings based on predetermined criteria. Five studies were identified; all were of poor quality and all focused on on-the-job supports as the employment/vocational intervention. Short-term studies reported that supported employment was associated with improvements in quality of life (1 study), ASD symptoms (1 study), and cognitive functioning (1 study). Three studies reported that interventions increased rates of employment for young adults with ASD. Few studies have been conducted to assess vocational interventions for adolescents and young adults with ASD. As such, there is very little evidence available for specific vocational treatment approaches as individuals transition to adulthood. All studies of vocational approaches were of poor quality, which may reflect the recent emergence of this area of research. Individual studies suggest that vocational programs may increase employment success for some; however, our ability to understand the overall benefit of supported employment programs is limited given the existing research.


PMID: 22926170

DOI: 10.1542/peds.2012-0682

Other references

Lipnitsky, S.S.; Litvinov, V.F.; Karasyov, N.F., 2001: About helminthic fauna of wild ruminants in the Republic of Belarus. The following article presents species of helminths, consisting of flat and large round worms, recorded in the European bison (n=40 species), elk (n=35), roe (n=42) and deer (n=35) until the year 2000 in the territory of the Republic of Belarus.

Hewick D.S.; Butler A.R.; Glidewell C.; Mcintosh A.S., 1987: Sodium nitroprusside pharmacological aspects of its interaction with hydroxocobalamin and thiosulfate. Hydroxocobalamin (HOCb), when mixed with sodium nitroprusside (SNP) in a 10:1 or 1:1 molar ratio and injected (i.v.) into the anaesthetized rat, prolonged the depressor response to SNP by 25-50%, but did not affect the degree of blood pressure low...

Burn, J.H., 1959: Cardiovascular effects of nicotine and of smoking. Nature 186(4724): 525-526

Filburn, T.; Weiss, R.A.; Helble, J.J.; Huang, S.J.; Papale, W., 2002: Optimal choice of immobilized, supported amines for CO2 removal. Abstracts of Papers American Chemical Society 223(1-2): FUEL 74

Marques A.D.P.Jr; Lima W.D.S.; Sampaio I.B.M., 1983: Helminthic infection in young and adult female goats naturally infected with gastro intestinal helminths raised in confinement and semi confinement. The effects of helminthic infection were evaluated on young and adult female goats, raised in confinement and semi-confinement, for 12 mo. The confined animals were housed in pens with a grated floor 0.90 cm above the cemented floor. Fecal samples...

Naohide, S.; Motoyuki, M.; Tomohiko, I.; Haruo, I., 2000: Introduction of KAI 1 gene suppressed metastatic ability of LNCaP human prostate cancer cells in SCID mouse model. European Urology 37(Suppl 2): 149, March

Rimpilainen M.A.; Niskasaari K.; Juutinen K.M.S.; Nurmiaho Lassila E L.; Forsen R.I., 1986: The plasma membrane of streptococcus cremoris isolation and partial characterization. Plasma membrane was isolated from Streptococcus cremoris using mutanolysin from a streptomycete as the cell wall-degrading enzyme and phenylmethylsulfonyl fluoride as protease inhibitor. The specific activity of membrane-bound enzyme, adenosine tr...

Burrows, T.; Skinner, J.; McKenna, R.; Rollo, M., 2017: Food Addiction, Binge Eating Disorder, and Obesity: Is There a Relationship?. Existing research suggests that there is an overlap between binge eating disorder (BED) and the construct of 'food addiction' (FA). The objective of this study was to determine the overlapping features of BED and FA through a comparison...

Ris, H.W., 1974: What do women want?. Journal of the American Medical Women's Association 29(10): 446-7, 451, 453 Passin

Feldman, S.R.; Ward, T.M., 1981: Psychotherapeutic injury: reshaping the implied contract as an alternative to malpractice. Despite the enormous number of Americans who seek psychiatric aid for their emotional problems, malpractice actions against psychiatrists are surprisingly rare. In this Article, Professors Feldman and Ward suggest that this stage of affairs is cau...