geoscience.net logo
+ Resolve Article
+ Follow Us
Follow on FacebookFollow on Facebook
Follow on TwitterFollow on Twitter

+ Translate
+ Subscribe to Site Feed
GeoScience Most Shared ContentMost Shared Content

A validation of the Social Provisions Scale: the SPS-10 items


, : A validation of the Social Provisions Scale: the SPS-10 items. Sante Mentale au Quebec 38(1): 297-318

The Social Provisions Scale-10 item (SPS-10) is a shortened version of the Social Provisions Scale (Cutrona and Russell, 1987) validated in French (Échelle de provisions sociales) by Caron (1996). The Social Provisions Scale (SPS) originally consisted of six subscales to measure the availability of social support: emotional support or attachment, social integration, reassurance of worth, tangible help, orientation and opportunity for nurturance. Four items allowed measuring of each subscales, two formulated positively and two negatively for a total of 24 items. The SPS-10 retains five subscales, opportunity for nurturance was excluded and it only keeps the positively worded items, two items per dimension of support. The article presents its validation on a representative sample of 2433 people of the general population of the southwest region of Montreal. It has a strong concurrent validity with the original scale of 24 items (SPS) (r = 0.930). All its items are highly correlated with total scores and its internal consistency is excellent. The alpha for the global scale is 0.880 and the alphas for the five subscales ranged from 0.528 to 0.690. Its construct validity is also preserved. The SPS-10 has an independence of its dimensions with moderate correlations between the subscales ranging between 0.469 and 0.632 and its five subscales are more strongly related to the support global score (r minimum = 0.755 p <0.001 and r maximum = 0.835), indicating that they are also indicators of the availability of social provisions. An exploratory factor analysis allows finding almost the same factors structure than the French version of SPS. The SPS-10 explains 14.1% of the variance in psychological distress and retains 95% of the predictive power of the SPS-24 items and all its subscales are negatively correlated with psychological distress. It also explains 25.4% of the variance in quality of life and its predictive power is equivalent to the SPS-24 items and all its subscales are positively correlated to QOL. The analyses suggest that the SPS-10 is a reliable and valid instrument for measuring the availability of social support with an administration time reduced by half. It is an excellent choice for epidemiological surveys.

US$29.90

PMID: 24337002


Other references

Bułdak, Łukasz.; Łabuzek, K.; Bułdak, Rł.Jakub.; Kozłowski, Mł.; Machnik, G.; Liber, S.; Suchy, D.; Duława-Bułdak, A.; Okopień, Bław., 2017: Corrigendum to "Metformin affects macrophages' phenotype and improves the activity of glutathione peroxidase, superoxide dismutase, catalase and decreases malondialdehyde concentration in a partially AMPK-independent manner in LPS-stimulated human monocytes/macrophages" [Pharmacol. Rep. 66 (2014) 418-429. Pharmacological Reports 69(3): 594-594

Yang, X.; Liu, Y.; Zong, Z.; Tian, D., 2010: The Rho kinase inhibitor fasudil inhibits the migratory behaviour of 95-D lung carcinoma cells. Fasudil, an inhibitor of Rho kinase, is known to suppress tumorigenicity and cancer metastasis. However, the underlying molecular mechanisms of how fasudil suppresses cell metastasis have not been fully elucidated. The purpose of this study was to...

Jacobs, A.R.; Gavett, J.W., 1973: Case classification of ambulatory care demand. American Journal of Public Health 63(8): 721-726

Smith, S.Lavere.; Otis, T.Stephen., 2005: Pattern-dependent, simultaneous plasticity differentially transforms the input-output relationship of a feedforward circuit. Memories are believed to be encoded by changes in the synaptic connections between neurons. Although many forms of synaptic plasticity have been identified, it remains unknown how such changes affect local circuits. Feedforward inhibitory networks...

Bode, C.P.; Kropp, S.; Richter, D.; Wahn, V., 1994: Characteristics of vertically HIV-infected children with a survival length of eight to eleven years. AIDS-Forschung 9(11): 579

Viatour, P.; Ehmer, U.; Saddic, L.A.; Dorrell, C.; Andersen, J.B.; Lin, C.; Zmoos, A-Flore.; Mazur, P.K.; Schaffer, B.E.; Ostermeier, A.; Vogel, H.; Sylvester, K.G.; Thorgeirsson, S.S.; Grompe, M.; Sage, J., 2011: Notch signaling inhibits hepatocellular carcinoma following inactivation of the RB pathway. Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is the third cancer killer worldwide with >600,000 deaths every year. Although the major risk factors are known, therapeutic options in patients remain limited in part because of our incomplete understanding of th...

Jansen H.G.P., 1992: Dairy consumption in northern nigeria implications for development policies. Data from a household survey were used to investigate levels and patterns of dairy product consumption in northern Nigeria. The data were sorted by income category, ethnic group and geographical location. Dairy products were grouped into tradition...

Töllborn, M.Troein.; Engström, I., 2010: Important that the invitation to mammography is preceded by an all-round and objective information. Lakartidningen 107(4): 201-201

Dell, Q.; Griffiths, S.P.; Tonks, M.L.; Rochester, W.A.; Miller, M.J.; Duggan, M.A.; van der Velde, T.D.; Pillans, R.D.; Coman, G.J.; Bustamante, R.H.; Milton, D.A., 2013: Effects of trawling on the diets of common demersal fish by-catch of a tropical prawn trawl fishery. The ecological effect of prawn trawling on the benthos of the Gulf of Carpentaria, northern Australia, was investigated by examining stomach contents of common demersal fishes incidentally caught as by-catch in the fishery. Fishes were collected f...

Mark Altaweel, 2008: Investigating agricultural sustainability and strategies in northern Mesopotamia: results produced using a socio-ecological modeling approach. Some of the most politically and culturally significant cities in first millennium BC northern Mesopotamia were located in agriculturally marginal landscapes. In order to sustain these settlements, variant cultivation techniques were practiced by...