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Acute hepatitis B despite a previous high titer of anti-HBs


, : Acute hepatitis B despite a previous high titer of anti-HBs. Hepatology International 4(2): 530-532

Loss of HBsAg and development of surface and core antibodies represent clinical cure. However, recent evidence suggests that hepatitis B virus (HBV) persists in a latent state even in those with mounted protective antibodies. After significant immunosuppression, anti-HBs may decrease and HBsAg may reappear (reverse seroconversion). Reverse seroconversion of HBV has been observed in association with hematopoietic stem cell transplantation, renal transplantation, intensive chemotherapy, human immunodeficiency infection, or rituximab usage. We present here a case study of a patient with a previous high titer of anti-HBs who later developed HBV reactivation following intensive chemotherapy for leukemia. We conclude that in immunosuppressed patients with a history of HBV infection may carry a risk for reverse seroconversion and monitoring anti-HBs levels may help recognising this risk.

US$19.90

PMID: 20827412

DOI: 10.1007/s12072-010-9177-3


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