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Antioxidant effects of lipophilic tea polyphenols on diethylnitrosamine/phenobarbital-induced hepatocarcinogenesis in rats


, : Antioxidant effects of lipophilic tea polyphenols on diethylnitrosamine/phenobarbital-induced hepatocarcinogenesis in rats. In Vivo 28(4): 495-503

The purpose of the present study was to compare the antioxidant potential of lipophilic tea polyphenols (LTP) against the one of naturally-occurring water-soluble green tea polyphenols (GTP) in a two-stage model of diethylnitrosamine (DEN)/phenobarbital (PB)-induced hepatocarcinogenesis in Sprague-Dawley rats. GTP/LTP was given 5-times weekly by oral gavage with tea polyphenols equivalent to 0-, 40- and 400-mg/kg of body weight/day. GTP/LTP treatment was started 2 weeks prior to the initiation of DEN and continued for 30 weeks. Histopathological and electron microscopic examination of liver tissue confirmed the protective effect of LTP on DEN/PB-induced liver damage and pre-carcinogenesis. LTP treatment significantly increased total antioxidant capacity (T-AOC) and glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px) activity in liver tissues. Immunohistochemical detection of cellular nuclear factor erythroid-2-related factor-2 (Nrf2) and peroxiredoxin-6 (P6) indicated a down-regulation in Nrf2 and up-regulation of P6 expression in the liver of LTP-supplemented rats. The present study provides evidence for the first time, that LTP exerts significant antioxidant effects on DEN/PB-induced liver damage and hepatocarcinogenesis through elevating T-AOC levels, enhancing GSH-Px activity and inducing P6 expression in rat liver tissues.

US$29.90

PMID: 24982215


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