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Application of ultrafiltration and nanofiltration for recycling cellulase and concentrating glucose from enzymatic hydrolyzate of steam exploded wheat straw

, : Application of ultrafiltration and nanofiltration for recycling cellulase and concentrating glucose from enzymatic hydrolyzate of steam exploded wheat straw. Bioresource Technology 104: 466-472

Application of combined ultrafiltration (UF) and nanofiltration (NF) was examined to recycle cellulase and concentrate glucose present in lignocellulosic hydrolyzate. With PES10 membrane operated at 25.6 l/m(2) h, 73.9% of cellulase protein present in the hydrolyzate suspension could be recovered while allowing free transmission of glucose. The permeate obtained from UF was then concentrated by NF. With NF270 membrane operated at 13.3 l/m(2) h, the glucose concentration in the ultrafiltered hydrolyzate increased from 30.2 to 110.2 g/l. Recycling cellulase by UF could reduce the hydrolysis cost of lignocellulosic feedstock, while concentrating glucose by NF could improve the fermentation efficiency of lignocellulosic hydrolyzate and lower the separation and purification cost of fermentative product. Therefore, the use of UF and NF for treating lignocellulosic hydrolyzate could be a promising approach in fermentative production of bioproducts and biofuels using lignocellulosic feedstock as substrate.


PMID: 22104100

DOI: 10.1016/j.biortech.2011.10.049

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