+ Resolve Article
+ Follow Us
Follow on FacebookFollow on Facebook
Follow on TwitterFollow on Twitter

+ Translate
+ Subscribe to Site Feed
GeoScience Most Shared ContentMost Shared Content

Behavior at the choice point: decision making in hidden pathway maze learning

, : Behavior at the choice point: decision making in hidden pathway maze learning. Neuropsychology Review 24(4): 514-536

Hidden pathway maze learning tasks (HPMLTs) have been used in neuropsychological research and practice for more than 80 years. These tasks require the use of visual and auditory task feedback signals to learn the order and direction of a pathway, typically within a grid of stepping-stones, or alleys. Hidden pathway maze learning tasks are purported to assess both visuospatial learning and executive processes. The original motivation for the HPMLT paradigm for humans was to reduce a complex tactual planning task to one in which decisions could be directly measured by discrete actions at choice points guided by visual cues. Hidden maze learning paradigms were used extensively throughout the 20th century, initially to study exploratory, anticipatory, and goal-related behavior within the context of memory research, and later as an experimental tool in neuropsychology. Computerization of HPMLTs have allowed for the measurement of different move categories according to the rule structure and ipso facto, clinically meaningful differences in memory and monitoring functions during spatial search and learning. Hidden pathway maze learning tests have been used to understand the cognitive effects of ageing, neurological disorders, and psychopharmacological challenges. We provide a review of historical antecedents relevant to contemporary applications of HPMLTs in neuropsychology. It is suggested that contemporary applications of HPMLTs could be advanced by analysis of component operations necessary for efficient performance that can inform theoretical interpretations of this class of tests in clinically meaningful terms.


PMID: 25348261

DOI: 10.1007/s11065-014-9272-7

Other references

Kudo, J.; Mori, H.; Gomibuchi, T., 2003: Loneliness as expressed by schizophrenic patients in the early remission phase. We examine the clinical and psychotherapeutic significance of the "emotion of depression," particularly "loneliness," focusing on the postpsychotic depression in one phase of the early remission phase and prolonged early remiss...

Melleray, G., 1982: Tax on great wealth and agriculture. The article describes both the range of cases to which the tax applies (people liable to tax, assets covered), and how it works (evaluation of taxable inheritance, definition of assets associated with occupation).

Chen, T-Lou.; Lu, H-Jie., 2015: Why platelet-rich plasma failed to promote bone healing in combination with a biphasic synthetic graft material in bone defects: a critical comment. Journal of Craniofacial Surgery 25(4): 1568-1569

McCaslin John C., 1987: Wildcat probes B.C.'s Paleozoic rocks. Oil and Gas Journal 85(7): 81

Mostafa, D.; Tarakji, B., 2015: Photodynamic therapy in treatment of oral lichen planus. Oral lichen planus (OLP) is a relatively common chronic immunologic mucocutaneous disorder. Although there are many presenting treatments, some of them proved its failure. Recently, the use of photodynamic therapy (PDT) has been expanding due to i...

Hewson C.A.Y., 1976: Individual volcanoes, Ruapehu; developments at the Chateau Observatory, Ruapehu, during 1975. New Zealand Volcanological Record 5: 40

Lacey, S.T., 1993: Soil deformation and erosion in forestry. The purpose of this report is to increase the understanding of physical degradation of forest soil. It is aimed primarily at forest managers and researchers in New South Wales, Australia. Soil compaction and soil disturbance and their effects on s...

Wada, Y.; Sun-Wada, G-Hong.; Kawamura, N.; Yasukawa, J., 2016: Membrane dynamics in mammalian embryogenesis: Implication in signal regulation. Eukaryotes have evolved an array of membrane compartments constituting secretory and endocytic pathways that allow the flow of materials. Both pathways perform important regulatory roles. The secretory pathway is essential for the production of ex...

Turcanu, V.; Heaton, C.P.E.; Williams, N.A., 1999: EtxB induces IL-10 production by human monocytes and has immunomodulating effects upon the mixed lymphocyte reaction. Immunology 98(suppl 1): 36, Dec

Webb, S.D., 1969: The Burge and Minnechaduza Clarendonian mammalian faunas of north-central Nebraska. University of California Publications in Geological Sciences, 78: 1-191