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Biofilm vs. planktonic bacterial mode of growth: which do human macrophages prefer?

, : Biofilm vs. planktonic bacterial mode of growth: which do human macrophages prefer?. Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications 441(4): 947-952

Although the natural mode of bacterial growth in nature is as biofilm, almost all antimicrobial and immunological tests are routinely developed using planktonic inoculums. Bacterial biofilms protect the microbial community from external damage and promote the persistence of chronic infections. In this study, interactions between human macrophages and bacterial inoculums of planktonic and biofilm modes of growth have been explored using Escherichia coli (E. coli) K12. Human macrophages phagocytize planktonic E. coli more efficiently than bacteria grown in a biofilm. Moreover, they prefer to phagocytize planktonic bacteria. In this context, CD64 expression is involved. Our data indicate that bacteria with "a biofilm background" avoid phagocytosis by naïve macrophages, which could create a favorable environment for chronic infection. Our findings were corroborated in a clinical O25b-ST131 ESBL-producer E. coli isolate, which caused urinary tract infections.


PMID: 24239884

DOI: 10.1016/j.bbrc.2013.11.012

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