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Biomarkers for risk prediction in acute decompensated heart failure

, : Biomarkers for risk prediction in acute decompensated heart failure. Current Heart Failure Reports 11(3): 246-259

Risk prediction in patients admitted with acute decompensated heart failure (ADHF) remains a challenge. Biomarkers may improve risk prediction, which in turn may help to better inform patients regarding short-term and long-term prognosis, therapy and care. Most data on biomarkers have been derived from patient cohorts with chronic heart failure. In ADHF, currently, risk tools largely rely on common clinical and biochemical parameters. However, ADHF is not a single disease. It presents in various manners and different etiologies may underlie ADHF, which are reflected by different biomarkers. In the last decade, many studies have reported the prognostic value of these biomarkers. These studies have attempted to describe a value for statistical modeling, e.g., reclassification indices, in an effort to report incremental value over a clinical model or the "gold standard". However, the overall incremental predictive value of biomarkers has been modest compared to already existing clinical models. Natriuretic peptides, e.g., (NTpro-)BNP, are the benchmark, but head-to-head comparisons show that there are novel biomarkers with comparable prognostic value. Multimarker strategies may provide superior risk stratification. Future studies should elucidate cost-effectiveness of single or combined biomarker testing. The purpose of this review was to provide an update on current biomarkers and to identify new promising biomarkers than can be used in prognostication of acute heart failure.


PMID: 24954516

DOI: 10.1007/s11897-014-0207-7

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