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CD40L-null NKT cells provide B cell help for specific antibody responses

, : CD40L-null NKT cells provide B cell help for specific antibody responses. Vaccine 29(49): 9132-9136

CD1d-binding glycolipids exert potent adjuvant effects on T-dependent Ab responses. The mechanisms include cognate interaction between CD1d-expressing B cells and TCR-expressing Type I CD1d-restricted natural killer T cells (NKTs). However, the critical NKT-derived factors that stimulate B cells are poorly understood. We tested the hypothesis that CD1d-driven CD40L expression by NKT cells influences humoral immunity. Bone marrow chimeras with CD40L(+/+) or CD40L(-/-) NKT cells were immunized with Ag plus CD1d ligand before measuring Ab responses. CD40L(-/-) NKT cells stimulated higher endpoint Ab titers than controls expressing CD40L. In contrast, immunization of CD40L(-/-) mice revealed that CD40L(-/-) NKT cells could not provide B cell help when Th cells lacked CD40L. We report that CD40L(-/-) NKT cells can provide help for Ab production and do so cooperatively with CD40L(+/+) Th cells. We suggest that the manner in which NKT cells provide B cell help is distinct from that of Th cells.


PMID: 21959330

DOI: 10.1016/j.vaccine.2011.09.060

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