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Causality in epidemiology

, : Causality in epidemiology. Archives of Iranian Medicine 15(10): 641-647

This article provides an introduction to the meaning of causality in epidemiology and methods that epidemiologists use to distinguish causal associations from non-causal ones. Alternatives to causal association are discussed in detail. Hill's guidelines, set forth approximately 50 years ago, and more recent developments are reviewed. The role of religious and philosophic views in our understanding of causality is briefly discussed.


PMID: 23020541

DOI: 0121510/AIM.0012

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