geoscience.net logo
+ Resolve Article
+ Follow Us
Follow on FacebookFollow on Facebook
Follow on TwitterFollow on Twitter

+ Translate
+ Subscribe to Site Feed
GeoScience Most Shared ContentMost Shared Content

Community-associated methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus transmission in households of infected cases: a pooled analysis of primary data from three studies across international settings


, : Community-associated methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus transmission in households of infected cases: a pooled analysis of primary data from three studies across international settings. Epidemiology and Infection 143(2): 354-365

Diverse strain types of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) cause infections in community settings worldwide. To examine heterogeneity of spread within households and to identify common risk factors for household transmission across settings, primary data from studies conducted in New York (USA), Breda (The Netherlands), and Melbourne (Australia) were pooled. Following MRSA infection of the index patient, household members completed questionnaires and provided nasal swabs. Swabs positive for S. aureus were genotyped by spa sequencing. Poisson regression with robust error variance was used to estimate prevalence odds ratios for transmission of the clinical isolate to non-index household members. Great diversity of strain types existed across studies. Despite differences between studies, the index patient being colonized with the clinical isolate at the home visit (P < 0·01) and the percent of household members aged <18 years (P < 0·01) were independently associated with transmission. Targeted decolonization strategies could be used across geographical settings to limit household MRSA transmission.

US$19.90

PMID: 24763185

DOI: 10.1017/S0950268814000983


Other references

de Gasparo, M., 1980: Accumulation of pancreas-specific products during organogenesis of Acomys cahirinus. General and Comparative Endocrinology 41(4): 499-505

Valet Serge; L.C.ustumer Philippe; Shilov Alex (Shilov Aleksandr); Kiselev Vladimir; Maignan Michel; Grechanichenko Yuryi (Grechanichenko Yury), 1999: Environmental degradation of the Aral Sea coastal region. Journal of Conference Abstracts: Pages 506. 1999.

Gordienko S.M., 1986: Delayed hypersensitivity and nonspecific cell mediated immunity role of mononuclear and polynuclear phagocytes. Differences in the influence produced by sensitization with BCG vaccine and Staphylococcus aureus and by the reaction of delayed hypersensitivity (DH) induced, respectively, by the injection of old tuberculin and staphylococcal phagolysate on the...

Andreeva, A.P.; Belostotskiĭ, V.M.; Rozenberg, G.Ia., 1973: Absence of a species specificity effect of haptoglobins on the peroxidase properties of haptoglobin-hemoglobin complexes. Doklady Akademii Nauk SSSR 208(5): 1226-1227

Tomicki, A., 1972: Effect of diet containing meat, vegetables, and iron, bismuth and aluminum preparations on the results of tests for occult blood in the stool. Wiadomosci Lekarskie 25(10): 889-892

Hunter, D., 1993: Countdown to community care. A sticking plaster job. Health Service Journal 103(5342): 28-29

Perez, F.R.; Ayala, H.G., 1980: Sowing date of sweet sorghum. Yields of stems and sugar of cv. Roma sown on 6 dates between 13 Oct. and 12 Jan. were compared. Most yields of stems and sugar were obtained from sowing on 6 and 19 Nov., 43.3 and 48.5 t stems and 3.57 and 3.78 t sugar/ha, resp. Forage yields at...

Toledo, S.P.; Ferraz, A.R., 1990: Multiple endocrine type II neoplasm. Revista do Hospital das Clinicas 45(1): 1-2

Bergman, A.; Harpaz-Rotem, I., 2004: Revisiting rapprochement in the light of contemporary developmental theories. Margaret Mahler's thinking, revolutionary for its time, led to the observational study of mother-infant pairs, followed almost day by day as the preverbal infant developed into a toddler whose increasing cognitive capacities made new demands...

Hockey, PAR.; Branch, GM., 1983: Do oystercatchers influence limpet shell shape?. Veliger, 262: 139-141