+ Resolve Article
+ Follow Us
Follow on FacebookFollow on Facebook
Follow on TwitterFollow on Twitter

+ Translate
+ Subscribe to Site Feed
GeoScience Most Shared ContentMost Shared Content

Comparison of somatotype differences of soccer and handball players based on the methods of German and Anglo-American schools of constitutional biology

, : Comparison of somatotype differences of soccer and handball players based on the methods of German and Anglo-American schools of constitutional biology. Anthropologischer Anzeiger; Bericht Uber die Biologisch-Anthropologische Literatur 65(3): 303-316

39 soccer players of the third division as well as 22 handball players of the second division and 17 handball fourth division players (average age 24 years) were examined kinanthropometrically. The sports anthropological evaluations were made according to the methods of Parnell (1958), Heath & Carter (1967), Conrad (1963), Knussmann (1961a, 1961b) as well as Tittel & Wutscherk (1972). Regarding the proportionality, proportion figures and phantom stratagem were used. In the typology of Conrad (1963) above all the high hyperplasia values of the handball players stand out. According to the typognosis of Knussmann (1961a, 1961b) the handball and soccer players are to be classified as leptomorph. The tendency to the macrosomia pole is to be recognized for the handball players. In the somatochart of Parnell (1958) soccer and handball players are placed in the mesomorph ectomorph sixth. The group differences are highly significant for the endomorphy. In the somatogramm of Heath & Carter (1967) both ballplayer collectives are settled in the ectomorph mesomorph area. The group differences are here for the endomorphy and mesomorphy highly significant, for the ectomorphy significant. The proportional fat portion (calipermetry) is high-significantly lower for the soccer players with 6.6 +/- 1.6% than for the handball players (8.4 +/- 2.5%). All height and longitudinal dimensions as well as the circumferences with exception of the thigh girth were for the larger handball players (body height: 189.1 +/- 7.9 cm) very to highly significantly higher than for the smaller soccer players (body height: 178.6 +/- 5.8 cm), whereby no important proportional differences were registered.


PMID: 17987910

Other references

Canter, S., 1994: Social skills. British Journal of Clinical Psychology 33: 241-242

Longridge, N.S., 1982: The value of sodium chloride crystal application to the round window for Ménière's disease. Journal of Otolaryngology 11(4): 265-266

Hazan J.; Dubay C.; Pankowiak M P.; Becuwe N.; Weissenbach J., 1992: A genetic linkage map of human chromosome 20 composed entirely of microsatellite markers. Twenty-six (CA)n polymorphic microsatellites were isolated from a flow-sorted chromosome 20 library. To reduce the number of sequencing gels, these microsatellites were genotyped on 15 CEPH families using a procedure derived from the multiplex seq...

Jeljaszewicz, J.; Hryniewicz, W., 1978: Microbiological diagnosis and etiology of bacterial endocarditis. Kardiologia Polska 21(5): 461-466

Paradowski M.; Jakubowski M.; Podoski A., 1984: Toxicokinetics of benzene in man excretion of phenol in urine and of benzene with expired air after single and 4 day exposure to benzene. Five male volunteers were exposed to benzene vapor (100 mg .cntdot. m-3) during 2 h singly and during 4 successive days. The mean retention of benzene in the lungs and mean dose amounted to 61% and 74 mg, respectively. Two phases of the excretion...

Siegel Frederic R., 1958: Effect of strontium on the aragonite-calcite ratios of Pleistocene corals (Florida). Geological Society of America Bulletin 69(12, Part 2): 1643

Griffing, C.Y.; Lachniet, M.S.; Lawson (CREEL), D.E., 2009: Pleistocene cooling event in a central Alaskan ice wedge; Dansgaard-Oeschger cycle?. Eos, Transactions, American Geophysical Union 90.52, Suppl

Kam, K.Man.; Yip, C.Wai.; Tse, L.Wa.; Leung, O.Chi.; Sin, L.Ping.; Chan, M.Yuk.; Wong, W.Sum., 2002: Trends in multidrug-resistant Mycobacterium tuberculosis in relation to sputum smear positivity in Hong Kong, 1989-1999. We studied retrospectively the territory-wide occurrence and trends of multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) in Hong Kong over an 11-year period during which a short-course directly observed therapy ("DOTS-Plus") strategy has been in...

Varney, N.R.; Roberts, R.J.; Struchen, M.A.; Hanson, T.V.; Franzen, K.M.; Connell, S.K., 1996: Design fluency among normals and patients with closed head injury. A Design Fluency task was administered to 86 patients who had suffered closed head injury (CHI) with loss of consciousness and 87 normal control subjects. Subjects were asked to draw as many novel designs as they could in 5 minutes without scribbl...

Daly, J.W.; Nishizawa, Y.; Padgett, W.L.; Tokuyama, T.; Smith, A.L.; Holmes, A.B.; Kibayashi, C.; Aronstam, R.S., 1991: 5,8-disubstituted indolizidines: a new class of noncompetitive blockers for nicotinic receptor-channels. A series of 8-methyl-5-substituted indolizidines inhibit binding of the noncompetitive blocking agent [3H]perhydrohistrionicotoxin to muscle-type nicotinic acetylcholine receptor-channels in membranes from Torpedo electroplax. The Ki values range...