geoscience.net logo
+ Resolve Article
+ Follow Us
Follow on FacebookFollow on Facebook
Follow on TwitterFollow on Twitter

+ Translate
+ Subscribe to Site Feed
GeoScience Most Shared ContentMost Shared Content

Comparison of transcoelomic, contrast transcoelomic, and transesophageal echocardiography in anesthetized red-tailed hawks (Buteo jamaicensis)


, : Comparison of transcoelomic, contrast transcoelomic, and transesophageal echocardiography in anesthetized red-tailed hawks (Buteo jamaicensis). American Journal of Veterinary Research 73(10): 1560-1568

To assess the agreement and reliability of cardiac measurements obtained with 3 echocardiographic techniques in anesthetized red-tailed hawks (Buteo jamaicensis). 10 red-tailed hawks. Transcoelomic, contrast transcoelomic, and transesophageal echocardiographic evaluations of the hawks were performed, and cineloops of imaging planes were recorded. Three observers performed echocardiographic measurements of cardiac variables 3 times on 3 days. The order in which hawks were assessed and echocardiographic techniques were used was randomized. Results were analyzed with linear mixed modeling, agreement was assessed with intraclass correlation coefficients, and variation was estimated with coefficients of variation. Significant differences were evident among the 3 echocardiographic methods for most measurements, and the agreement among findings was generally low. Interobserver agreement was generally low to medium. Intraobserver agreement was generally medium to high. Overall, better agreement was achieved for the left ventricular measurements and for the transesophageal approach than for other measurements and techniques. Echocardiographic measurements in hawks were not reliable, except when the left ventricle was measured by the same observer. Furthermore, cardiac morphometric measurements may not be clinically important. When measurements are required, one needs to consider that follow-up measurements should be performed by the same echocardiographer and should show at least a 20% difference from initial measurements to be confident that any difference is genuine.

US$19.90

PMID: 23013181

DOI: 10.2460/ajvr.73.10.1560


Other references

Crang, M.K., 1968: Psychiatric research and its nursing problems. Nursing Times 64(45): 1528-1529

Rodríguez, S.E.; Casareto, R.C., 1966: Vulvar carcinoma. 1-stage bilateral inguinal emptying and vulvectomy. Prensa Medica Argentina 53(38): 2215-2218

Cassola, F., 1980: Studies on Cicindelids. XXIII. Three new Dromica from the Angola (Coleoptera, Cicindelidae). Revue de zoologie africaine, 94(1): 202-216

Toepfer, E.W.; Morgareidge, K., 1971: Effect of malathion on nutrient composition of eggs and flavor of meat from laying hens. The inclusion of malathion, 100 or 1000 ppm, in the diet of 21-week-old hens for up to 8 weeks had no effect on meat flavour or on proximate composition and content of fatty acids, amino acids and cholessterol in eggs.

Vague P.; Aillaud M.F.; Badier C.; Viard R.; Juhan Vague I., 1985: Relationship between the insulinemia and fibrinolytic activity of blood in normal and obese subjects. Diabete & Metabolisme 11(5): 331

Campos, G.Mazzoni.; Borges, A.Abel.; Badra, S.Jabur.; Figueiredo, G.Garcia.; Souza, R.Luiz.Moro.de.; Moreli, M.Lázaro.; Figueiredo, L.Tadeu.Moraes., 2009: Pulmonary and cardiovascular syndrome due to hantavirus: clinical aspects of an emerging disease in southeastern Brazil. Pulmonary and cardiovascular syndrome due to hantavirus is a disease caused by inhalation of aerosols from the excreta of wild rodents contaminated by viruses of the Bunyaviridae family. We studied the clinical and laboratory manifestations of 70...

Tretiak, T.; Fradkina, D.; Budkivs'-Ka, N., 1976: Fractional composition of water and anatomic morphological changes in leaves of sugarbeets infected by Perenospora schachtii. Visnyk sil's'kohospodars'koi nauki: 6 15-19

Zumla, A., 2010: The relentless and persistent global threat of a range of pulmonary infections. Current Opinion in Pulmonary Medicine 16(3): 169-170

Panichayupakarananta, P.; Issuriya, A.; Sirikatitham, A.; Wang, W., 2010: Antioxidant assay-guided purification and LC determination of ellagic acid in pomegranate peel. On the basis of 1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) radical scavenging assay-guided purification, ellagic acid was isolated from the methanol extract of pomegranate fruit peel by liquid-liquid extraction and chromatographic techniques. A reversed...

Steeves, G.H., 1958: Control through accounting. 4. Hospital differences. Canadian Hospital 35(5): 40-41