+ Resolve Article
+ Follow Us
Follow on FacebookFollow on Facebook
Follow on TwitterFollow on Twitter

+ Translate
+ Subscribe to Site Feed
GeoScience Most Shared ContentMost Shared Content

Constraint-induced aphasia therapy stimulates language recovery in patients with chronic aphasia after ischemic stroke

, : Constraint-induced aphasia therapy stimulates language recovery in patients with chronic aphasia after ischemic stroke. Medical Science Monitor 14(5): Cr243-Cr250

Constraint-induced aphasia therapy (CIAT) offers potential benefits to individuals with history of aphasia-producing ischemic stroke. The goals of this pilot study were to implement the original German CIAT protocol, refine the treatment program, and confirm its efficacy in patients with chronic aphasia. We translated and modified the original CIAT protocol to include a hierarchy of individual skill levels for semantic, syntactic, and phonological language production, while constraining non-use behaviors. Three male participants with moderate to severe post-stroke aphasia received CIAT 3-4 hours/day for 5 consecutive days. Pre and post-testing included formal language evaluation, linguistic analysis of story retell, and mini-Communication Activity Log (mini-CAL). Substantial improvements in comprehension and verbal skills were noted in 2 patients with an increase in the total number of words (31% and 95%) and in number of utterances for story-retell task (57% and 75%). All participants demonstrated an improvement on at least one linguistic measure. No subjective improvements on mini-CAL were noted by any of the participants. Given that the duration of treatment was only 1 week, these linguistic improvements in post stroke aphasia participants were remarkable. The results indicate that the CIAT protocol used in this study may be a useful tool in language restoration after stroke. These initial findings should be confirmed in a larger, randomized study.


PMID: 18443547

Other references

Ambrose N.S.; Johnson M.; Burdon D.W.; Keighley M.R.B., 1985: The influence of single dose intravenous antibiotics on fecal flora and emergence of clostridium difficile. The influence of a single i.v. dose of antibiotic of fecal flora and the emergence of C. difficile was studied in volunteers. Seventy-eight volunteers (13 groups of 6 receiving 5 penicillins and 8 cephalosporins) were given a single i.v. dose of a...

Panja, S.; Sailesh, S.; Roxburgh, M.; Patel, V., 2000: A two year two phase audit of standards of care in patients with both diabetes and cardiovascular disease. Diabetologia 43(Supplement 1): A228, August

Mobley, E.L., 1967: Dental program for the chronically ill and aged. Journal - Tennessee State Dental Association 47(2): 147-154

Mazzitelli, 1992: Midisuperspace-induced corrections to the Wheeler-DeWitt equation. Physical Review. D, Particles and Fields 46(10): 4758-4760

Kodama, S.; Suzuki, T.; Fujinawa, S.; D.L.T.ja, P.; Yotsuzuka, F., 1994: Urea contribution to ethyl carbamate formation in commercial wines during storage. A two-year storage test using commercial wines confirmed that ethyl carbamate formation is closely related to the urea content. The ethyl carbamate formation rates at 10 degree C to 40 degree C were represented by linear equation against urea conc...

Castledine, G., 2006: Accelerating workforce redesign: threat or stimulus. British Journal of Nursing 15(18): 1029-1029

McCaskie, G., 1972: The nesting season June l. 1972-August 15. 1972. Southern Pacific coast region. American Birds, 265: 903-907

Jiang, M.; Fan, W.L.; Xing, S.Y.; Wang, J.; Li, P.; Liu, R.R.; Li, Q.H.; Zheng, M.Q.; Cui, H.X.; Wen, J.; Zhao, G.P., 2017: Effects of balanced selection for intramuscular fat and abdominal fat percentage and estimates of genetic parameters. Intramuscular fat (IMF) content contributes to meat flavor and improves meat quality. Excessive abdominal fat, however, leads to a waste of feed resources. Here, an independent up-selection for IMF was used as a control (Line C), and a balanced se...

Liberatore, F.A.; McIsaac, J.E.; Royer, G.P., 1976: Immobilized carboxypeptidase Y. Applications in protein chemistry. Febs Letters 68(1): 45-48

Hoenigl, M.; Fussi, P.; Feierl, G.; Wagner-Eibel, U.; Leitner, E.; Masoud, L.; Zarfel, G.; Marth, E.; Grisold, A.J., 2010: Antimicrobial resistance of Streptococcus pneumoniae in Southeast Austria, 1997-2008. Antibiotic resistance in Streptococcus pneumoniae has increased worldwide but varies within geographical regions. We conducted a retrospective analysis of resistance in S. pneumoniae over a 12-year period to assess local and temporal trends in ant...