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Cornichon regulates transport and secretion of TGFalpha-related proteins in metazoan cells

, : Cornichon regulates transport and secretion of TGFalpha-related proteins in metazoan cells. Journal of Cell Science 120(Pt 14): 2454-2466

Cornichon proteins are structurally related transmembrane proteins that have been studied in and Drosophila and yeast. In Drosophila, Cornichon (Cni) is involved in embryo polarization by the TGF alpha-related Gurken. In yeast, the Cni-related Erv14 is required for axial budding. A cargo receptor function has been proposed for Erv14 and Cni. Four mammalian Cni-like sequences have been identified. We carried out parallel functional analyses of the human Cni ortholog CNIH and Drosophila Cni in the processing and presentation of TGF alpha family proteins. Human CNIH complements the loss of Erv14 in yeast. Human CNIH and Drosophila Cni are primarily localized in the endoplasmic reticulum and associate with immature TGF alpha family proteins. Alterations of cornichon expression result in changes in transport, processing and secretion of TGF alpha proteins. In particular, increased cornichon expression retains TGF alpha proteins in the endoplasmic reticulum, whereas cornichon is required for their transport and secretion. Thus, cornichon proteins represent a functionally conserved protein family that acts in the selective transport and maturation of TGF alpha family proteins.


PMID: 17607000

DOI: 10.1242/jcs.004200

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