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Correlation of prostate volume with international prostate symptom score and quality of life in men with benign prostatic hyperplasia

, : Correlation of prostate volume with international prostate symptom score and quality of life in men with benign prostatic hyperplasia. Nepal Medical College Journal 10(2): 104-107

The aim of this study was to correlate the prostate volume with international prostate symptom score (IPSS) and quality of life (QOL). Hundred consecutive patients diagnosed as having benign prostatic hyperplasia were included. All patients were interviewed using standardized questionnaires for International Prostate Symptom Score, which include one single disease-specific quality of life question. Transabdominal ultrasonogram was used to assess the prostatic volume. Data was analyzed using the statistical package for social sciences (SPSS) for Windows. The mean age and median duration of symptom was 67.5 years and 12.0 months respectively. The mean volume of prostate was 42.5 cm3. Most of the patients had severe symptoms with mean IPSS of 23.5 and single disease-specific QOL score of 5.2. The correlation between the prostate volume and age, IPSS, and QOL score were not statistically significant except for two domains; incomplete emptying and nocturia that appear to be correlated with prostate volume. The correlation between IPSS and QOL score was strong. Similarly, correlation between QOL score and age was significant but weak. In conclusion, prostate volume had no correlation with age, symptom score, and quality of life score. So prostatic size should not be an only and important consideration; moreover, we should assess the impact of symptoms while treating the cases.


PMID: 18828432

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