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Current practice in the prevention and management of surgical site infections in gastrointestinal surgery

, : Current practice in the prevention and management of surgical site infections in gastrointestinal surgery. Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke Za Zhi 15(6): 533-536

Surgical site infection(SSI) is one of post-operative complications in gastrointestinal surgery. SSI may increase the morbidity and mortality of surgical patients and increase their hospital stay and expense. The risk factors can come from patients, physicians and hospital environments. Improving patients nutritional status and organ function, appropriate control of blood sugar level and abstinence from smoking can reduce the occurrence of SSI. Compare to current practice in China, the following recommendations have been identified as priorities for implementation: hair removal done immediately before operation; maintenance of normothermia intraoperatively; the abdominal wall should be closed with an absorbable suture and drains should be removed as early as possible. SSI could be diagnosed by symptoms, local signs and lab examinations and confirmed by physician. Source control is the key point in the management of SSI. Ultrasound and CT guided percutaneous abscess drainage is effective in the localized deep space surgical site infection and critically ill patients. Antibiotics should be used following clinical assessment and evidence based on local formulary.


PMID: 22736114

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