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Cytokines in chronic rheumatic diseases: is everything lack of homeostatic balance?

, : Cytokines in chronic rheumatic diseases: is everything lack of homeostatic balance?. Arthritis Research & Therapy 11(5): 246-246

Biological systems have powerful inbuilt mechanisms of control intended to maintain homeostasis. Cytokines are no exception to this rule, and imbalance in cytokine activities may lead to inflammation with subsequent tissue and organ damage, altered function, and death. Balance is achieved through multiple, not mutually exclusive, mechanisms including the simultaneous production of agonist and antagonistic cytokines, expression of soluble receptors or membrane-bound nonsignaling receptors, priming and/or reprogramming of signaling, and uncoupling of ligand/receptor pairing from signal transduction. Insight into cytokine balance is leading to novel therapeutic approaches particularly in autoimmune conditions, which are intimately linked to a dysregulated cytokine production.


PMID: 19849823

DOI: 10.1186/ar2767

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