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Determination of muscle relaxants pancuronium and vecuronium bromide by capillary electrophoresis with capacitively coupled contactless conductivity detection

, : Determination of muscle relaxants pancuronium and vecuronium bromide by capillary electrophoresis with capacitively coupled contactless conductivity detection. Electrophoresis 32(8): 890-895

A novel capillary electrophoretic method for the separation of pancuronium (PM) and vecuronium (VM) ions utilizing capacitively coupled contactless conductivity detection was devised and validated. The separation was carried out in bare fused-silica capillaries (50 μm id, 75/45 cm) at 25°C. Optimal BGE was 50 mM borate buffer of pH 9.5 containing 12.5 mg/mL of (2-hydoxypropyl)-γ-CD. The samples were injected hydrodynamically at 1000 mbar for 3 s. Separation was performed at +30 kV. Under such conditions the PM and VM were base-line resolved and the separation took < 4 min. For quantification phenyltrimethylammonium iodide was used as internal standard. Calibration curves were linear for both pancuronium bromide (PMB) and vecuronium bromide (VMB) in the range 25-250 μg/mL with r> 0.9968. The limits of detection were 7 and 6 μg/mL for PMB and VMB, respectively. The accuracy tested by recovery experiment at three concentration levels of added PMB and VMB was satisfactory (95.7-102.7%, n =3, with RSD < 2.61%). The method was successfully applied to the assay of PMB and VMB in commercial injection solutions.


PMID: 21394728

DOI: 10.1002/elps.201000456

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