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Dexamethasone-induced cardioprotection: a role for the phosphatase MKP-1?


, : Dexamethasone-induced cardioprotection: a role for the phosphatase MKP-1?. Life Sciences 84(23-24): 838-846

Previous studies suggested that p38 MAPK activation during sustained myocardial ischaemia and reperfusion was harmful. We hypothesize that attenuation of p38MAPK activity via dephosphorylation by the dual-specificity phosphatase MKP-1 should be protective against ischaemia/reperfusion injury. Since the glucocorticoid, dexamethasone, induces the expression of MKP-1, the aim of this study was to determine whether upregulation of this phosphatase by dexamethasone protects the heart against ischaemia/reperfusion injury. Male Wistar rats were treated with dexamethasone (3 mg/kg/day ip) for 10 days, before removal of the hearts for Western blot (ip Dex-P) or perfusion in the working mode (ip Dex+P). Hearts were subjected to 20 min global or 35 min regional ischaemia (36.5 degrees C) and 30 or 120 min reperfusion. In a separate series, dexamethasone (1 microM) was added to the perfusate for 10 min (Pre+Dex) before or after (Rep+Dex) ischaemia. Dexamethasone, administered intraperitoneally or added directly to the perfusate, significantly improved post-ischaemic functional recovery and reduced infarct size compared to untreated controls (p<0.05). These were associated with enhanced up-regulation of MKP-1 protein expression (arbitrary units (mean+/-SD): Untreated: 1; ip Dex-P: 2.59+/-0.22; ip Dex+P: 1.51+/-0.22; Pre+Dex: 4.11+/-0.73, Rep+15'Dex: 1.51+/-0.14; untreated vs. all groups, p<0.05) and attenuation of p38 MAPK activation (p<0.05) in all dexamethasone-treated groups, except for Rep+10'Dex. ERK and PKB/Akt activation were unchanged. Dexamethasone-induced cardioprotection was associated with upregulation of the phosphatase MKP-1 and inactivation of pro-apoptotic p38 MAPK.

US$19.90

PMID: 19361533

DOI: 10.1016/j.lfs.2009.03.014


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