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Differential cardiopulmonary effects of size-fractionated ambient particulate matter in mice

, : Differential cardiopulmonary effects of size-fractionated ambient particulate matter in mice. Cardiovascular Toxicology 10(4): 259-267

A growing body of evidence from epidemiological and toxicological studies provides a strong link between exposure to ambient particulate matter (PM) of varying size and increased cardiovascular and respiratory morbidity and mortality. This study was designed to evaluate the cardiopulmonary effects of ambient coarse, fine, and ultrafine particles collected in Chapel Hill, NC. Mice were exposed to each size fraction by oropharyngeal instillation. Twenty-four hours later, pulmonary inflammation was assessed by bronchoalveolar lavage and cardiac injury was measured using a Langendorff cardiac perfusion preparation. Recovery of post-ischemic left ventricular developed pressure and infarct size were measured as indeces of cardiac ischemia/reperfusion injury. Coronary flow rate was measured before, during, and after ischemia. We demonstrate that coarse PM caused the most significant pulmonary inflammatory responses. In contrast, hearts from ultrafine-exposed mice had significantly lower post-ischemic functional recovery and greater infarct size, while hearts from coarse and fine PM-exposed mice had no significant responses to ischemia/reperfusion. The coronary flow rate was significantly reduced in the ultrafine PM group. This study shows that exposure of mice to coarse PM results in significant pulmonary toxicity while ultrafine PM appears to enhance cardiac ischemia/reperfusion injury.


PMID: 20602262

DOI: 10.1007/s12012-010-9082-y

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