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Differential expression of mTOR signalling components in drug resistance in ovarian cancer


, : Differential expression of mTOR signalling components in drug resistance in ovarian cancer. Anticancer Research 30(9): 3529-3534

A limitation to successful cancer chemotherapy treatments is the acquisition of drug resistance. In advanced-stage ovarian cancer, the mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) pathway is up-regulated, and inhibition of this pathway increases chemosensitivity in ovarian carcinoma cell lines. In this study, the expression of DEPTOR, mTOR, RICTOR, RAPTOR and S6 kinases were investigated in SKOV-3 and PEO1 parental and the paclitaxel-resistant (TaxR) SKOV-3TaxR and PEO1TaxR cell lines. RT-PCR, immunofluorescent analysis and Western blotting were carried out. Quantitative RT-PCR revealed significant up-regulation of DEPTOR in both paclitaxel-resistant cell lines. SKOV-3TaxR exhibited down-regulation of RICTOR, RAPTOR and mTOR, whereas PEO1-TaxR showed down-regulation of RAPTOR and up-regulation of RICTOR and mTOR. Semi-quantitative RT-PCR analysis revealed marked changes in the expression of p70S6K splice variants mRNA in PEO1TaxR. Moreover, the phosphorylation status of p70S6K at Ser371 appears to be cell-type specific. We hypothesize that mTOR signalling may play a role in mediating paclitaxel resistance in ovarian cancer.

US$29.90

PMID: 20944133


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