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E-selectin binding peptide-polymer-drug conjugates and their selective cytotoxicity against vascular endothelial cells

, : E-selectin binding peptide-polymer-drug conjugates and their selective cytotoxicity against vascular endothelial cells. Biomaterials 30(32): 6460-6468

The hypothesis that E-selectin on activated endothelial cells could be exploited to selectively target drug delivery systems to tumor vasculature was investigated. HPMA copolymer-doxorubicin (DOX) conjugates displaying the high affinity E-selectin binding peptide (Esbp, primary sequence DITWDQLWDLMK) as targeting ligand were synthesized and tested for their cytotoxicity and intracellular fate in human immortalized vascular endothelial cells (IVECs). The targeted copolymers displaying multiple copies of Esbp are bound to surface-associated E-selectin with affinity at the low nano-molar range, three orders of magnitude stronger than the free Esbp. In addition, the binding affinity of the HPMA-Esbp copolymers to E-selectin expressing IVECs was found to be 10-fold superior relative to non-targeted copolymers. Once bound, E-selectin facilitated rapid internalization and lysosomal trafficking of the copolymers. This lysosomotropism of HPMA-Esbp-bound DOX copolymers was then correlated with a 150-fold higher cytotoxicity relative to non-targeted HPMA-DOX conjugates. These findings strongly support the emerging role of E-selectin as a viable target for controlled drug delivery in cancer therapy.


PMID: 19716600

DOI: 10.1016/j.biomaterials.2009.08.013

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