geoscience.net logo
+ Resolve Article
+ Follow Us
Follow on FacebookFollow on Facebook
Follow on TwitterFollow on Twitter

+ Translate
+ Subscribe to Site Feed
GeoScience Most Shared ContentMost Shared Content

Early life programming of hemispheric lateralization and synchronization in the adult medial prefrontal cortex


, : Early life programming of hemispheric lateralization and synchronization in the adult medial prefrontal cortex. Neuroscience 155(3): 852-863

Neonatal maternal separation (MS) in the rat increases the vulnerability to stressors later in life. In contrast, brief handling (H) in early life confers resilience to stressors in adulthood. Early life programming of stress reactivity may involve the medial prefrontal cortex (mPFC), a region which modulates various stress responses. Moreover, hemispheric specialization in mPFC may mediate adaptive coping responses to stress. In the present study, neuronal activity was examined simultaneously in left and right mPFC in adult rats previously subjected to MS, H or animal facility rearing (AFR). In vivo electrophysiology, under isoflurane anesthesia, was used to conduct acute recordings of unit and local field potential (LFP) activity in response to systemic administration of N-methyl-beta-carboline-3-carboxamide (FG-7142), a benzodiazepine receptor partial inverse agonist which mimics various stress responses. MS decreased basal unit activity selectively in right mPFC. Basal LFP activity was reduced with MS in left and right mPFC, compared to AFR and H, respectively. Hemispheric synchronization of basal LFP activity was also attenuated by MS at lower frequencies. FG-7142 elicited lateralized effects on mPFC activity with different early rearing conditions. Activity in left mPFC was greater with AFR and MS (AFR>MS), whereas activity was predominantly greater with H in right mPFC. Finally, compared to AFR, MS reduced and H enhanced hemispheric synchronization of LFP activity with FG-7142 treatment in a dose-dependent manner. These results indicate that functionally-relevant alterations in mPFC GABA transmission are programmed by the early rearing environment in a hemisphere-dependent manner. These findings may model the hemispheric specialization of mPFC function thought to mediate adaptive coping responses to stressors. They also suggest the possibility that early environmental programming of hemispheric functional coupling in mPFC is involved in conferring vulnerability or resilience to stressors later in life.

US$19.90

PMID: 18634856

DOI: 10.1016/j.neuroscience.2008.06.013


Other references

Puscariu, V., 1968: Observations sur la repartition et l'ecologie de Haliaeetus albicilla dans le delta du Danube. Travaux du Museum d'Histoire Naturelle Gr Antipa, 8: 959-968

Hilty-Tammivaara, R.; Segerström, A., 1970: Choice of therapy in spontaneous pneumothorax in relation to later cardiopulmonary function. Scandinavian Journal of Respiratory Diseases 51(2): 93-104

Cooperman B.S., 1977: Identification of binding sites on the escherichia coli ribosome by affinity labeling. Friedman, Mendel (Ed ) Advances in Experimental Medicine And Biology, Vol 86a Protein Crosslinking Biochemical And Molecular Aspects Proceedings Of The First Half Of A Symposium San Francisco, Calif , Usa , Aug 30-Sept 3, 1976 Xix+760p Illus Plenum Press: New York, N Y , Usa; London, England Isbn 0-306-39087-6 595-609

Gopnik, A.; Meltzoff, A.N.; Kuhl, P.K.; Johnson, M.H.Reviewer, 1999: The scientist in the crib (book review). Science 286(5438): 7

Hilton, M.F., 1971: Response to "concerns". Nln Publications: 47-49

Harris Andrew J.L.; Flynn Luke P.; Matias Otoniel; Rose William I.; Cornejo Julio, 2004: The evolution of an active silicic lava flow field; an ETM+ perspective. An active dacitic lava flow began advancing down the south flank of the Caliente dome unit (Santiaguito Volcano, Guatemala) during July 1999. By January 2002 continued activity had built a approximately 1-km (super 2) , 66X10 (super 6) m (super 3)...

Valbuena L.; Arango F.; Temprano H.; Ureta E.G., 1989: Correlation among biopsy cytology and serum progesterone levels in infertility. Pathology Research & Practice 185(1): 165

Masola, V.; Zaza, G.; Bellin, G.; Dall'Olmo, L.; Granata, S.; Vischini, G.; Secchi, M.Francesca.; Lupo, A.; Gambaro, G.; Onisto, M., 2017: Heparanase regulates the M1 polarization of renal macrophages and their crosstalk with renal epithelial tubular cells after ischemia/reperfusion injury. Heparanase (HPSE) is part of the biologic network triggered by ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury, a complication of renal transplantation and acute kidney injury. During this period, the kidney or graft undergoes a process of macrophages recruitme...

Magrì, A.; Munzone, A.; Peana, M.; Medici, S.; Zoroddu, M.Antonietta.; Hansson, O.; Satriano, C.; Rizzarelli, E.; L.M.ndola, D., 2016: Coordination Environment of Cu(II) Ions Bound to N-Terminal Peptide Fragments of Angiogenin Protein. Angiogenin (Ang) is a potent angiogenic factor, strongly overexpressed in patients affected by different types of cancers. The specific Ang cellular receptors have not been identified, but it is known that Ang-actin interaction induces changes bot...

Cook, P.F.; McBeath, S.J.; Bricknell, I.R.; Bron, J.E., 2011: Determining the age of individual Lepeophtheirus salmonis (Krøyer, 1837) copepodids by measuring stored lipid volume; proof of principle. Confocal microscopy has facilitated measurement of stained lipid volume in Lepeophtheirus salmonis copepodid larvae. Quantity of lipid, location and morphology of vesicles may allow an estimate of age and viability.