+ Resolve Article
+ Follow Us
Follow on FacebookFollow on Facebook
Follow on TwitterFollow on Twitter

+ Translate
+ Subscribe to Site Feed
GeoScience Most Shared ContentMost Shared Content

Effect of consumption of corn flour enriched with soja on nutrition status of indigenous women of Mexico

, : Effect of consumption of corn flour enriched with soja on nutrition status of indigenous women of Mexico. Revista Espanola de Salud Publica 87(3): 293-302

The problem of micronutrient deficiency in the diet, in Mexico affects over 28 million people, mainly rural indigenous women. A solution is food supplementation. The aim of the study was to evaluate the impact of an enriched corn flour soy protein among indigenous women. The study was conducted with a sample of 308 rural Mexican women, conducted in 2010, longitudinal intervention was double-blind and randomized. The experimental group (n = 155) consumed fortified maize meal (soy protein, iron and vitamin A, folic acid, zinc and niacin). The control group (n = 153) received unfortified flour. The evaluated indicators were: weight, body mass index, and waist circumference and blood hemoglobin levels. The intervention time was four months (intermediate) and six months (final). Statistical analysis was descriptive, bivariate and linear regression models. Changes in hemoglobin levels in the experimental group were 13,1 to 13,3 mg / dL. The improvement of hemoglobine levels was shown by the most marginalized community (from 12,4 to 12,9 mg / dL). In both groups, the weight gain was 900 g. Though BMI of the experimental group (24,2 to 24,9 / kg/m²) with an increase of (0,7 / kg/m²) was equal in both groups, the waist circumference in women who consumed fortified flour was equal at the beginning and end of the study (83,0 cm) but the hip circumference changed (94,3 to 94,9 cm) in women who consumed enriched flour. enriched flour is an ideal food for marginalized women in rural areas who are underweight, are undernourished and have anemia.


PMID: 23892681

DOI: 10.4321/S1135-57272013000300009

Other references

Danner, S.; Soppa, J., 1996: Characterization of the distal promoter element of halobacteria in vivo using saturation mutagenesis and selection. The sequence and spacing requirements of the archaeal 'distal promoter element' (DPE) were examined by randomizing positions -19 to -32 upstream of the transcriptional start site of the ferredoxin (fdx) promoter of Halobacterium salinari...

Lee, S.Gu.; Koh, H.Yeon.; Lee, J.Hyuck.; Kang, S-Ho.; Kim, H.Jun., 2012: Cryopreservative effects of the recombinant ice-binding protein from the arctic yeast Leucosporidium sp. on red blood cells. Antifreeze proteins (AFPs) have important functions in many freeze-tolerant organisms. The proteins non-colligatively lower the freezing point and functionally inhibit ice recrystallization in frozen solutions. In our previous studies, we found th...

Rioux, J.A.; Lanotte, G.; Croset, H.; Dedet, J.P., 1972: Ecology of leishmaniasis in the south of France. 5. Comparative infectious ability of the different forms of canine leishmaniasis as related to Phlebotomus ariasi Tonnoir 1921. Annales de Parasitologie Humaine et Comparee 47(3): 413-419

Long, Sr, 1986: Consensus and perspective on Rhizobium. Recognition in microbe plant symbiotic and pathogenic interactions edited by Ben Lugtenberg: 429

Tarasova, O.; Sjöblom-Widfeldt, N.; Nilsson, H., 2003: Transmitter characteristics of cutaneous, renal and skeletal muscle small arteries in the rat. Aim: We studied transmitter characteristics of proximal and distal arteries supplying skin (saphenous artery and its medial tarsal branch), kidneys (terminal branches of renal artery and interlobar arteries) and skeletal muscle (proximal and dista...

Milton J.G.; Frojmovic M.M., 1979: Invaginated plasma membrane of human platelets evagination and measurement in normal and giant platelets. A technique was described for estimating the amount of platelet plasma membrane. Addition of 80% by volume of distilled water to citrated human PRP [platelet-rich plasma] converted platelets in the disc-form into large, spherical forms (spherocyte...

Schaefer, G.; Dutra-De-Souza, P.-Vitor; Koller, O.-Carlos; Schwarz, S.-Francisco, 2008: Physical and chemical properties of substrates to cultivate seedling of citrus rootstocks. An experiment was carried out to assess the physical and chemical evolution of three substrates and their relation to the vegetative development of seedlings of citrus rootstock, cultivated in containers. The experiment was carried out in greenho...

Abe H.; Takaishi T.; Okuda T.; Aoe K.; Date T., 1978: Methanolysis products of sulfomycin i. Tetrahedron Letters (31): 2791-2794

Mursaloglu, B., 1986: Pup-mother-environment relations in the Mediterranean monk seal, Monachus monachus (Hermann 1779), on Turkish coasts. Communications of the Faculty of Sciences University of Ankara Series C Biology and Geological Engineering, 41-2: 1-8

Friis, K.; Damgaard, C.; Holmstrup, M., 2004: Sublethal soil copper concentrations increase mortality in the earthworm Aporrectodea caliginosa during drought. Simultaneous effects of drought and a sublethal concentration of copper on the earthworm Aporrectodea caliginosa were investigated in the laboratory. Experiments were performed with exposure to 150 mg Cu kg-1 dry soil and different levels of droug...