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Effect ofin vitro digestion on fumonisin B1 in corn flakes

, : Effect ofin vitro digestion on fumonisin B1 in corn flakes. Mycotoxin Research 23(4): 166-172

Low levels of fumonisins have been found frequently in corn based breakfast cereals and can occur bound to protein and other matrix components.In vitro digestion of two samples of corn flakes was carried out under "fed conditions." Fumonisins were measured as o-phthaldialdehyde/mercaptoethanol derivatives by LC-fluorescence. One sample of corn flakes (FN12) had high concentrations of fumonisin B1 (FB) (average 125 ng/g) and total bound FB1, (TB FB1) (average 92 ng/g) and the other (FN11) had a low level of free FB1 (average 29 ng/g) and no detectable TB FB1. After incubation of the samples with gastrointestinal tract solutions simulating saliva plus stomach and duodenal juices, chyme was analysed for FB1, hydrolyzed FB1 (HFB1) and partially hydrolyzed fumonisin B1 (PHFB1). The bioaccessibility (percentage of FB1 released from corn flakes into chyme) was 38-78% for incurred FB1 in FN12, 8-54% for incurred plus spiked FB1 in FN12, and 19-66% for incurred plus spiked FB1 in FN11. HFB1 and PHFB1 were not detected. If free FB1 was first extracted from sample FN12, no FB1 was detected in the chyme, indicating no contribution from TB FB1. Concentrations were corrected for method recovery of FB1 or, for bound FB1, partial method recovery of HFB1.


PMID: 23606020

DOI: 10.1007/BF02946043

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