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Efficacy of percutaneous balloon pericardiotomy and intrapericardial instillation for the management of refractory pericardial effusion: a case report

, : Efficacy of percutaneous balloon pericardiotomy and intrapericardial instillation for the management of refractory pericardial effusion: a case report. Journal of Cardiology 50(6): 389-395

Percutaneous balloon pericardiotomy and intrapericardial instillation seemed to be less invasive and effective treatments for refractory pericardial effusion. A 65-year-old man who suffered from refractory pericardial effusion associated with gastric cancer and had been hospitalized three times for pericardiocentesis, complained of dyspnea at rest and visited our emergency room. Echocardiography showed a large amount of pericardial effusion all around the heart and signs of cardiac tamponade. Percutaneous balloon pericardiotomy was performed and pericardial effusion turned to pleural effusion. We performed left thoracocentesis. One week later, massive pericardial effusion localized only around the right heart appeared, and pericardiocentesis was performed again. After another month, pericardial effusion around right heart appeared again and intrapericardial instillation with OK-432 (Picibanil) was tried. After the procedure, the pericardial effusion did not increase, and he has had few symptoms for 2 months as an outpatient.


PMID: 18186314

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