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Electrical contact properties between the accumulation layer and metal electrodes in ultrathin poly(3-hexylthiophene)(P3HT) field effect transistors

, : Electrical contact properties between the accumulation layer and metal electrodes in ultrathin poly(3-hexylthiophene)(P3HT) field effect transistors. Acs Applied Materials & Interfaces 3(5): 1574-1580

Probing contact properties between an ultrathin conjugated polymer film and metal electrodes in field effect transistors (FETs) is crucial not only to understanding charge transport properties in the accumulation layer but also in building organic sensors with high sensitivity. We investigated the contact properties between gold electrodes and poly(3-hexylthiophene) (P3HT) as a function of film thickness using gated four-point sheet resistance measurements. In an FET with a 2 nm thick P3HT film, a large voltage drop of 1.9 V (V(D) = -3 V) corresponding to a contact resistance of 2.3 × 10(8) Ω was observed. An effective FET mobility of 1.4 × 10(-3) cm(2)/(V s) was calculated when the voltage drop at the contacts was factored out, which is approximately a factor of 3 greater than the two-contact FET mobility of 5.5 × 10(-4) cm(2)/(V s). A sharp decrease in the ratio of the contact resistance to the channel resistance was observed with increasing film thickness up to a thickness of approximately 6 nm, separating a contact limited regime from a charge transport limited regime. The origin of the large contact resistance observed in the device prepared with an ultrathin P3HT film is discussed in light of results from X-ray diffraction (XRD) and atomic force microscopy (AFM) studies.


PMID: 21517039

DOI: 10.1021/am200143g

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