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Endometrial and conceptus expression of HoxA10, transforming growth factor beta1, leukemia inhibitory factor, and prostaglandin H synthase-2 in early pregnant pigs with gonadotropin-induced estrus

, : Endometrial and conceptus expression of HoxA10, transforming growth factor beta1, leukemia inhibitory factor, and prostaglandin H synthase-2 in early pregnant pigs with gonadotropin-induced estrus. Domestic Animal Endocrinology 38(4): 222-234

This study was conducted to evaluate the effect of estrus induction with gonadotropins on endometrial and conceptus expression of HoxA10, transforming growth factor (TGF) beta1, leukemia inhibitory factor (LIF), and prostaglandin H synthase-2 (PGHS-2) during early pregnancy in pigs. Twenty-four prepubertal gilts received 750 IU of pregnant mare serum gonadotropin (PMSG) and 500 IU of human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) 72h later. Gilts in the control group (n=23) were observed daily for estrus behavior. Endometrial tissue samples, conceptuses, blood serum, and uterine luminal flushings (ULFs) were collected on days 10, 11, 12, and 15 after insemination. There was no effect of estrus induction on estradiol content in ULFs, or on ovulation and fertilization rates in studied gilts. However, the content of progesterone in the blood serum was greater in naturally ovulated gilts in comparison to gonadotropin-treated animals on day 12 of pregnancy (P<0.05). HoxA10 expression was up-regulated in the endometrium of pregnant gilts, with natural ovulation on days 12 (P<0.05) and 15 (P<0.001) in comparison to days 10 and 11. When compared to control gilts, administration of PMSG/hCG resulted in decreased expression of endometrial HoxA10, TGFbeta, LIF, and PGHS-2 on day 12 of pregnancy (P<0.05). Conceptus expression of studied factors was not affected by gonadotropin treatment. Overall, these results suggest improper endometrial preparation for implantation in prepubertal gilts induced to ovulate with PMSG/hCG.


PMID: 20022444

DOI: 10.1016/j.domaniend.2009.11.001

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