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Enhanced and stable green emission of ZnO nanoparticles by surface segregation of Mg

, : Enhanced and stable green emission of ZnO nanoparticles by surface segregation of Mg. Nanotechnology 17(4): 973-978

The effects of Mg addition on the emission of green photons from ZnO nanoparticles were studied. Energy dispersive x-ray spectroscopy (EDS) and Auger electron spectroscopy (AES) data demonstrated that ZnO nanoparticles with surface segregation of MgO (ZnO:MgO) were precipitated from colloidal reactions between Zn(2+),Mg(2+) and OH(-) ions suspended in ethanol. The photoluminescence emission spectra showed stronger green emission from suspended ZnO:MgO versus ZnO nanoparticles. ZnO:MgO also exhibited a stable green emission colour, which was slightly red-shifted from 495 to 520 nm with 168 days of ageing. It was postulated that the presence of MgO on the surface of ZnO prevented both the aggregation of ZnO nanoparticles via electrostatic stabilization of the suspension, and the formation of non-radiative recombination states on the surface, resulting in more intense, stable photoemission from ZnO. The red shift of the green emission from suspended ZnO nanoparticles with extended ageing was attributed to filling of radiative surface trap states in the bandgap.


PMID: 21727368

DOI: 10.1088/0957-4484/17/4/022

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