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Establishment of iron overloaded bone marrow model in vitro and its impact on hematopoiesis


, : Establishment of iron overloaded bone marrow model in vitro and its impact on hematopoiesis. Zhongguo Shi Yan Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi 19(4): 1038-1042

This study was to establish an iron overload bone marrow (BM) model by co-culturing the mononuclear cells from BM with iron, and investigate its hematopoiesis changes. The iron overload model was set up by adding different concentration of ferric citrate (FAC) into the mononuclear cells from BM and culturing for different time, and the model was confirmed by detecting labile iron pool (LIP). Then the apoptosis of hematopoietic cells, ability of hematopoietic colony forming (CFU-E, BFU-E, CFU-GM and CFU-mix) and percentage of the CD34(+) cells of the BM cells all were determined. The changes of these indexes were tested after the iron-overloaded BM was treated with deferasirox (DFO). The results showed that after BM cells were cultured with FAC at different concentrations for different time, the LIP increased in time-and concentration-dependent manners. The intracellular LIP reached maximum level when cultured at 400 µmol/L of FAC for 24 hours. The detection of BM cell hematopoietic function found that the apoptotic rate of the FAC-treated cells (24.8 ± 2.99%) increased significantly, as compared with normal control (8.9 ± 0.96%)(p < 0.01). The ability of hematopoietic colony forming in FAC-treated cells decreased markedly, as compared with normal control (p < 0.05). The percentage of CD34(+) cells of FAC-treated cells (0.39 ± 0.07%) also decreased significantly, as compared with normal control (0.91 ± 0.12%)(p < 0.01). And these changes could be alleviated by adding DFO. It is concluded that the iron-overloaded model has been set by adding iron into the mononuclear cells from BM in vitro, and the hematopoietic function of iron-overloaded BM is deficient. These changes can be alleviated by removing the excess iron from the BM cells through treating with DFO. These findings would be helpful to further study the mechanism of iron-overload on the hematopoiesis of BM and also useful to find the way to treat iron-overload patients with hematopoietic disorders.

US$29.90

PMID: 21867640


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