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Evaluation of the effect of methionine and glucosamine on adjuvant arthritis in rats


, : Evaluation of the effect of methionine and glucosamine on adjuvant arthritis in rats. Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine 4(4): 640-644

In the present study, we evaluated the effects of individual administration of methionine or glucosamine (GlcN) and compared with the combined administration of methionine and GlcN on the adjuvant arthritis model of rheumatoid arthritis in rats. Adjuvant arthritis was induced in female Lewis rats by injecting Freund's complete adjuvant (FCA) into the right hind paws, and methionine (200 mg/kg body weight/day) and/or GlcN (400 mg/kg/day) were orally administered for 21 days. The progression of the adjuvant arthritis was clinically evaluated for characteristic signs and symptoms by employing an arthritis score. The administration of methionine combined with GlcN suppressed the swelling of FCA-uninjected left hind paws and the arthritis score. Additionally, histopathological examination revealed that the combined administration of methionine and GlcN markedly suppressed synovial hyperplasia and the destruction of the cartilage surface and articular meniscus of the knee joints of FCA-injected right hind paws. Furthermore, combined methionine and GlcN administration suppressed the increase in the levels of nitric oxide, prostaglandin E(2) and hyaluronic acid in the plasma of rats with adjuvant arthritis. By contrast, individual administration of methionine or GlcN suppressed arthritis only slightly. These observations suggest that the combined administration of methionine and GlcN is more effective compared with individual administrations of methionine or GlcN in suppressing the progression of adjuvant arthritis (identified as swelling of joints and arthritis score), possibly by synergistically inhibiting synovial inflammation (identified as synovial hyperplasia and the destruction of the cartilage surface and articular meniscus) and the production of inflammatory mediators.

US$19.90

PMID: 23170118

DOI: 10.3892/etm.2012.668


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