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Expression of Arl2 is associated with p53 localization and chemosensitivity in a breast cancer cell line


, : Expression of Arl2 is associated with p53 localization and chemosensitivity in a breast cancer cell line. Cell Cycle 7(19): 3074-3082

In mammalian cells, ADP ribosylation factor like 2 (Arl2) has been shown to form a complex with tubulin binding cofactor D (TBC-D) and the tumor suppressor protein phosphatase 2A (PP2A). We have previously shown that alterations in Arl2 protein content were associated with corresponding modifications of the tumor suppressor PP2Ac protein content in breast cancer cells. Here, we show that modified Arl2 expression level influences sensitivity to various anticancer compounds such as taxol, navelbine, gemcitabine and doxorubicin in MCF7 derived cell lines. Modifications of Arl2 expression levels were also associated with an altered phosphorylation status and/or cellular sublocalization of certain PP2A targets such as p53, a key mediator of chemotherapy-induced apoptosis. A decreased level of Arl2 expression was associated with an increase of phospho-ser15-p53, a form which was found to be preferentially bound to microtubules. Assays using okadaic and cantharidic acid, two different PP2A inhibitors, showed an increase in microtubule-bound phospho-p53 and reduced sensitivity to chemotherapy. Our results suggest that Arl2 could, via PP2A, influence p53 phosphorylation status. Certain forms of phosphorylated p53 demonstrating increased binding to microtubules appear to be less prone to nuclear translocation after exposure to chemotherapeutic agents, thereby possibly contributing to reduced chemosensitivity.

US$19.90

PMID: 18818514

DOI: 10.4161/cc.7.19.6777


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