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Extramedullary plasmacytoma of the frontal sinus: case report and Turkish literature review


, : Extramedullary plasmacytoma of the frontal sinus: case report and Turkish literature review. Turkish Journal of Haematology 31(3): 301-306

Ekstrameduller soliter plazmasitomlar plazma hücrelerinden kaynaklanan, non Hodgkin lemfomalar arasında sınıflandırılmış, kemik iliğini tutmayan ve multipl miyelom gibi jeneralize olmamış formda non epitelyal tümörlerdir. Nadir görülen tümörler olup plasma hücreli neoplazilerin %3’ünü oluştururlar. Çoğunlukla üst solunum yolunda sinonazal yerleşimli olmasına rağmen frontal sinüs yerleşimli olanına literatürde 1 olguda rastlanılmıştır. Bu yazıda sol frontal sinüs yerleşimli sol gözde proptoz ve hareket kısıtlılığına sebep olan nadir bir extrameduller soliter plazmasitom olgusu sunulmakta ve Türk literatüründeki sinonazal yerleşimli EMP’ler gözden geçirilmektedir. Altmış dokuz yaşında baş ağrısı ve sol gözde dışa itilme yakınması ile gelen bayan hastada çekilen paranazal BT ve MR sol frontal sinüs kitlesini ortaya koymuştur. Açık cerrahi ile tamamı çıkarılan kitlenin histopatolojik analizi plazmasitom tanısını koydurmuştur. Soliter EMP tanısı hematoloji ve onkoloji klinikleri tarafından yapılan tetkiklerle kesinleşmiştir. Hastaya postoperatif radyoterapi uygulanarak olumlu yanıt elde edilmiştir. Hasta halen sağlıklı olup 18. ay kontrolunda nüks izlenmemiştir. Sinonazal yerleşimli ekstramedüller plazmasitomların tedavileri cerrahi, cerrahi ve/veya radyoterapidir. Uzun dönemde hastalığın multipl miyeloma dönüşme gibi bir potansiyeli olabileceği gözardı edilmeden takiplerinde tam bir sistemik kontrol yapılması zorunludur.

US$19.90

PMID: 25330525

DOI: 10.4274/tjh.2012.0175


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