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Facile method to synthesize platelet SBA-15 silica with highly ordered large mesopores

, : Facile method to synthesize platelet SBA-15 silica with highly ordered large mesopores. Journal of Colloid and Interface Science 361(2): 472-476

Highly ordered mesoporous SBA-15 silica with large pore diameter of 18 nm (nominal BJH pore diameter ~22 nm) and short pore length (~500 nm) was synthesized using a micelle expander 1,3,5-triisopropylbenzene in the absence of ammonium fluoride by employing short initial stirring time at 17 °C followed by static aging at low temperature. Scanning and transmission electron microscopies revealed that the material comprised of platelet particles in which large mesopores were nearly flawlessly arranged within uniform domains up to 3 μm in size. The platelet SBA-15 had the (100) interplanar spacing of 17 nm, high surface area (~470 m(2) g(-1)) and large pore volume (~1.6 cm(3) g(-1)). The hydrothermal treatment at 130 °C for 2 days was employed to eliminate constrictions from the pore channels. The control experiment showed that a sample prepared with prolonged stirring had very similar mesoporous properties, but the particle size was smaller and the domains were irregular, proving that the static conditions facilitate the formation of SBA-15 with platelet particle morphology. The absence of ammonium fluoride was also critical in attaining the platelet particle shape.


PMID: 21703633

DOI: 10.1016/j.jcis.2011.05.076

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