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Findings of fat-suppressed T2-weighted and diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance imaging in the diagnosis of non-palpable testes

, : Findings of fat-suppressed T2-weighted and diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance imaging in the diagnosis of non-palpable testes. Bju International 107(2): 290-294

To evaluate the magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings, diagnostic accuracy and clinical usefulness of fat-suppressed T2-weighted and diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) in the management of non-palpable testes. In all, 56 children (63 non-palpable testes) aged 8 months-11 years (mean 24.7 months) with non-palpable testes were enrolled. T1- and T2-weighted imaging, as well as fat-suppressed T2-weighted imaging and DWI were performed during MRI examination, and the imaging results were compared with surgical findings. In the 63 non-palpable testes, MRI identified 22% (14/63) as intra-abdominal, 20% (13/63) as intra-canalicular, 29% (18/63) as testicular nubbins, and 29% (18/63) as unidentifiable. Although it was difficult to confirm their presence in the abdominal cavity using T1- and T2-weighted imaging alone, additional assessment, including fat-suppressed T2-weighted imaging and DWI facilitated the detection of intra-abdominal testes more easily because they were imaged at a markedly higher signal intensity. The sensitivity, specificity and positive and negative predictive values for the MRI vs the operative findings were 100, 97.3, 96.3, and 100%, respectively. The overall prediction accuracy was 98.4%. Additional MRI assessments, fat-suppressed T2-weighted imaging and DWI are useful examinations to improve the preoperative diagnostic accuracy of non-palpable testes.


PMID: 20735388

DOI: 10.1111/j.1464-410X.2010.09513.x

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