geoscience.net logo
+ Resolve Article
+ Follow Us
Follow on FacebookFollow on Facebook
Follow on TwitterFollow on Twitter

+ Translate
+ Subscribe to Site Feed
GeoScience Most Shared ContentMost Shared Content

Heart rate influence on incidence of cardiovascular disease among adults in China


, : Heart rate influence on incidence of cardiovascular disease among adults in China. International Journal of Epidemiology 39(6): 1638-1646

Higher heart rate is associated with mortality, whereas its association with clinical cardiovascular events is much more challenged. A prospective study was conducted for 169,871 Chinese adults ≥40 years in 1991 and followed during 1999-2000 with a response rate of 93.4%. Hazard ratios (HRs) were estimated by Cox proportional hazard regression model. Cardiovascular disease (CVD) was defined as diagnosis of acute myocardial infarction or stroke or death due to CVD (International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision: 390.0-398.9, 401.0-429.9 and 430.0-438.9). After an average of 8.3 years' follow-up (836,811 person-years), 6837 participants (3932 men, 2905 women) developed CVD. Compared with the participants with heart rate 60-74 beats per minute (bpm), heart rate 75-89 and ≥90 bpm in men increased the risk of CVD after multivariate adjustment, with corresponding HRs [95% confidence intervals (CIs)] 1.12 (1.04-1.20) and 1.32 (1.18-1.47). Heart rate ≥90 bpm increased women's risk of CVD with HR (95% CI) 1.23 (1.09-1.38). Heart rate ≥75 bpm in men increased the risk of heart disease. Heart rate ≥90 bpm increased the risks of coronary heart disease (CHD) and stroke in men, and the risks of heart disease and CHD in women. Elevated heart rate was associated with high CVD incidence in Chinese adults. This suggests that higher heart rate might be a risk marker for CVD in Chinese adults.

US$19.90

PMID: 20719745

DOI: 10.1093/ije/dyq119


Other references

Popova N.M., 1990: Catalytic purification of automobile exhaust gases. Zhurnal Vsesoyuznogo Khimicheskogo Obshchestva Imeni D I Mendeleeva 35(1): 54-64

Sadrieh, N.; Kokate, T.; Laniyonu, A.; Chen, J.; Bailey, D.; Melograna, J.; Love, P., 2001: Unique safety concerns of microbubble contrast agents. International Journal of Toxicology 20(6): 426-427, November-December

Hollander, W.F., 1945: Lethal achondroplasia in the pigeon. A lethal condition characterized by deficient growth of the skeleton in embryos was found among descendants of a pair of White King pigeons. Progeny-test data indicate simple recessive non-sex-linked inheritance, and the factor symbol ac is propos...

Gaál, J., 1968: Evaluation of diafixation in knee and malleolar fractures. Beitrage Zur Orthopadie und Traumatologie 15(1): 19-19

Kelemu S.; White F.F.; Ryba White M.L.; Leach J.E., 1989: Characterization of avr10 an avirulence gene isolated from xanthomonas campestris pathovar oryzae. Phytopathology 79(10): 1178

Fisher, DC.; Nitecki, MH., 1982: Problems in the analysis of receptaculitid affinities. Unknown

Dharnidharka, V.R.; Malone, A., 2017: Biomarkers to detect rejection after kidney transplantation. Detecting acute rejection in kidney transplantation has been traditionally done using histological analysis of invasive allograft biopsies, but this method carries a risk and is not perfect. Transplant professionals have been working to develop mo...

Ernst, F.; Lenoir, L.; Michel-Briand, Y.; Van der Auwera, P., 1990: In-vitro susceptibility pattern and characterization of resistance in Pseudomonas aeruginosa serotype O12 isolated in Belgium in 1986. Journal of Antimicrobial ChemoTherapy 26(2): 298-300

Ireland, A.; Priddle, J.D.; Jewell, D.P., 1992: Comparison of 5-aminosalicylic acid and N-acetylaminosalicylic acid uptake by the isolated human colonic epithelial cell. Isolated human colonic epithelial cell suspensions were incubated with either 0.1 mM 5-aminosalicylic acid (5-ASA) or 0.1 mM acetylaminosalicylic acid (Ac-ASA) for up to two hours. Intra- and extracellular 5-ASA and Ac-ASA were measured by high pe...

Liu, Y.; Wang, H.; Hou, C., 2014: Sliding-mode control design for nonlinear systems using probability density function shaping. In this paper, we propose a sliding-mode-based stochastic distribution control algorithm for nonlinear systems, where the sliding-mode controller is designed to stabilize the stochastic system and stochastic distribution control tries to shape the...