geoscience.net logo
+ Resolve Article
+ Follow Us
Follow on FacebookFollow on Facebook
Follow on TwitterFollow on Twitter

+ Translate
+ Subscribe to Site Feed
GeoScience Most Shared ContentMost Shared Content

Hepatitis B in Poland in 2012


, : Hepatitis B in Poland in 2012. Przeglad Epidemiologiczny 68(2): 257-63, 363-7

Evaluation of the epidemiological situation of hepatitis B in Poland in 2012 in comparison with previous years. The evaluation was based on the results of analysis of individual case reports of acute hepatitis B recorded by the Sanitary-Epidemiological Stations and aggregate data of national surveillance published in annual bulletins "Infectious diseases and poisonings in Poland" for the years 2006-2012. In Poland, in 2012 a total of 1 583 cases of hepatitis B were reported, including 33 cases of dualinfection with hepatitis B virus (HBV) and hepatitis C virus (HCV). The incidence was 4.11 per 100 000 inhabitants and compared to the preceding year its value did not change. The acute cases accounted for 4.9% of all hepatitis B cases, the incidence - 0.20 per 100 000 population. Compared to 2011, there was a further decline in both incidence and share of acute stage of infection in the total number of cases. The highest incidence of acute and chronic form of hepatitis B was reported in Opolskie (0.49 per 100 000) and Łódzkie provinces (8.62 per 100 thousand.), respectively. More frequently men and urban dwellers were ill. In the age group 0-14 years, which was entirely covered by universal vaccination of infants, no acute cases were found while the incidence of chronic hepatitis B in this age group was 0.14 per 100 000. Chronic hepatitis B was most frequently detected in people aged 40-44 years (incidence 7.13 per 100 000) and acute disease - in those aged 45-49 years (incidence 0.46 per 100 000). Medical procedures in healthcare settings were still the predominant route of infection (56% of all acute cases). Infections contracted via sexual contacts, household contact with an infected person and through injection drug use accounted together for 14% of all acute hepatitis B cases. In 2012, 11 and 41 persons died due to acute and chronic stage of hepatitis B, respectively. A clear downward trend of the incidence of acute hepatitis B with an unchanged mode of HBV transmission in Poland, indicates an improvement in compliance with recommended infection control procedures at all levels of medical care. The maintenance of the incidence of acute hepatitis B at a low level is possible due to the continuation of an universal vaccination program against HBV in combination with measures that stop the spread of infections. In view of persistent pattern of hepatitis B transmission in Poland in medical settings, it is advisable to recommend immunization not only to individuals at increased risk but also all previously unvaccinated persons. Simultaneously, activities leading to the improvement of detectability and the availability of the recommended treatment of chronic hepatitis B should be strengthened.

US$29.90

PMID: 25135511


Other references

Guo, Q-lin.; Zhang, B.; Zhang, J-ping.; Wang, L-xun.; Chen, J-zhong., 2005: Study on analytic precision of laser microemission spectral analysis in argon atmosphere at reduced pressure. According to mathematic statistics, data for laser microemission spectroscopic analysis were selected, which were collected with the use of CCD (charge-coupled device) in arg on atmosphere at reduced pressure. By selection, the effects of some fac...

Blattmann S.; Machatschki F., 1938: Stand der Tuebinger Meteoritensammlung mit Ende 1937. Catalog of the excellent collection of meteorites at the Mineralogical Institute of Tuebingen University, Germany.

Buderkevich M.D.; Vishnyakov I.B.; Glushko V.V.; Shpak P.K., 1986: The autochthon of the Cis-Carpathian downwarp; an exploration target for petroleum. Petroleum Geology 22(1): 1-5

Kolmer J.A., 1988: Virulence and race dynamics of puccinia recondita in canada from 1956 through 1987. Phytopathology 78(12 PART 1): 1542

Hills, L.A., 1993: Managing Calligrapha beetles on sida. A brief guide of the use of Calligrapha beetles for the biological control of spinyhead sida (Sida acuta) in the Northern Territory is presented, including methods for the maintenance of beetle populations throughout the year.

Shibahara, T.; Wilcox, J.N.; Couse, T.; Madara, J.L., 2001: Characterization of epithelial chemoattractants for human intestinal intraepithelial lymphocytes. Background and Aims: Although homing of intraepithelial lymphocytes (IEL) into intestinal epithelia seems to be guided by signals from epithelia, little is known concerning functional epithelial-derived chemoattractants for IEL. Methods: Epithelia...

Verstegen M.W.A.; Brascamp E.W.; Van Der Hel W.; D.G.oot P.N.; Eikelenboom G., 1977: Effect of susceptibility to the malignant hyper thermia syndrome as detected by halothane on some production and energy balance characteristics in dutch landrace pigs. Van Adrichem, P W M (Ed ) Proceedings Of The Third International Conference on Production Disease in Farm Animals Wageningen, Netherlands, Sept 13-16, 1976 Xii+234p Illus Maps Centre For Agricultural Publishing And Documentation: Wageningen, Netherlands Isbn 90-220-0630-1 188-192

Yu, W-Liang.; Lu, Z-Jin.; Wang, Y.; Shi, L-Ping.; Kuang, F-Wu.; Qian, S-Yun.; Zeng, Q-Yi.; Xie, M-Hui.; Zhang, G-Ying.; Zhuang, D-Yi.; Fan, X-Mei.; Sun, B., 2008: The epidemiology of acute respiratory distress syndrome in pediatric intensive care units in China. To assess the incidence of, predisposing factors for, and the rates and relative risks of mortality from acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) in pediatric patients. A prospective study in 12 consecutive months from 2004 to 2005 in 25 pediatr...

Monchik, J.M.; Donatini, G.; Iannuccilli, J.; Dupuy, D.E., 2006: Radiofrequency ablation and percutaneous ethanol injection treatment for recurrent local and distant well-differentiated thyroid carcinoma. To assess the long-term efficacy of radiofrequency ablation (RFA) and percutaneous ethanol (EtOH) injection treatment of local recurrence or focal distant metastases of well-differentiated thyroid cancer (WTC). RFA and EtOH injection techniques ar...

Park, J.; Seok, J.Kyung.; Suh, H-Jin.; Boo, Y.Chool., 2014: Gardenia jasminoides Extract Attenuates the UVB-Induced Expressions of Cytokines in Keratinocytes and Indirectly Inhibits Matrix Metalloproteinase-1 Expression in Human Dermal Fibroblasts. Ultraviolet radiation (UV) is a major cause of photoaging, which also involves inflammatory cytokines and matrix metalloproteinases (MMP). The present study was undertaken to examine the UVB-protecting effects of yellow-colored plant extracts in c...