+ Resolve Article
+ Follow Us
Follow on FacebookFollow on Facebook
Follow on TwitterFollow on Twitter

+ Translate
+ Subscribe to Site Feed
GeoScience Most Shared ContentMost Shared Content

Identifying with fictive characters: structural brain correlates of the personality trait 'fantasy'

, : Identifying with fictive characters: structural brain correlates of the personality trait 'fantasy'. Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience 9(11): 1836-1844

The perception of oneself as absorbed in the thoughts, feelings and happenings of a fictive character (e.g. in a novel or film) as if the character's experiences were one's own is referred to as identification. We investigated whether individual variation in the personality trait of identification is associated with individual variation in the structure of specific brain regions, using surface and volume-based morphometry. The hypothesized regions of interest were selected on the basis of their functional role in subserving the cognitive processing domains considered important for identification (i.e. mental imagery, empathy, theory of mind and merging) and for the immersive experience called 'presence'. Controlling for age, sex, whole-brain volume and other traits, identification covaried significantly with the left hippocampal volume, cortical thickness in the right anterior insula and the left dorsal medial prefrontal cortex, and with gray matter volume in the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex. These findings show that trait identification is associated with structural variation in specific brain regions. The findings are discussed in relation to the potential functional contribution of these regions to identification.


PMID: 24464847

DOI: 10.1093/scan/nst179

Other references

Lassaline, M., 2017: The Science and Practice of Equine Ophthalmology: A Quarter Century Later. Veterinary Clinics of North America. Equine Practice 33(3): Ix-Ix

Kosowsky, J.M.; Stephanides, S.L.; Branson, R.D.; Sayre, M.R., 2001: Prehospital use of continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) for presumed pulmonary edema: a preliminary case series. To describe the prehospital use of a continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) system for the treatment of acute respiratory failure presumed to be due to cardiogenic pulmonary edema. Prospective case-series analysis. Paramedics administered CPAP...

Hickey, K.; Parish, P.; Garretson, J.M.y, J., 1981: Control of powdery mildew on nursery trees, 1980. Fungicide and nematicide tests results American Phytopathological Society6(36): 28

Hodges, M.H.; Sesay, F.F.; Kamara, H.I.; Nyorkor, E.D.; Bah, M.; Koroma, A.S.; Kandeh, J.N.; Ouédraogo, R.; Wolfe, A.C.; Katcher, H.I.; Blankenship, J.L.; Baker, S.K., 2016: Integrating Vitamin A Supplementation at 6 months into the Expanded Program of Immunization in Sierra Leone. Since 2004, twice-yearly mass vitamin A supplementation (VAS) has equitably reached over 85% of children 6-59 months old in Sierra Leone. However infants who turn 6 months after the event may wait until they are 11 months old to receive their firs...

Kidwell Susan M., 1996: Presentation of the Charles Schuchert award of the Paleontological Society to Susan M. Kidwell; response. Journal of Paleontology 70(4): 707-708

Hays, G.C.; Lindley, J.A., 1994: Estimating chlorophyll alpha abundance from the 'phytoplankton colour' recorded by the Continuous Plankton Recorder survey: Validation with simultaneous fluorometry. The green colour (measured with reference to standard colour charts) of sections of the Continuous Plankton Recorder (CPR) filtering silk was compared with estimates of chlorophyll a concentration derived from a fluorometer mounted on the CPR duri...

Li, W-Shi.; Saeki, A.; Yamamoto, Y.; Fukushima, T.; Seki, S.; Ishii, N.; Kato, K.; Takata, M.; Aida, T., 2010: Use of side-chain incompatibility for tailoring long-range p/n heterojunctions: photoconductive nanofibers formed by self-assembly of an amphiphilic donor-acceptor dyad consisting of oligothiophene and perylenediimide. To tailor organic p/n heterojunctions with molecular-level precision, a rational design strategy using side-chain incompatibility of a covalently connected donor-acceptor (D-A) dyad has been successfully carried out. An oligothiophene-perylenediim...

Fullard, JH.; Heller, B., 1990: Functional organization of the arctiid moth tymbal (Insecta, Lepidoptera). The exoskeletal morphology, muscular organization and innervation patterns of the tymbals of 7 sound-producing species of arctiid were compared with the undifferentiated episterna of 2 silent arctiid species. At least 3 muscles were involved in so...

Berkowicz R.; Lyck E.; Larsen P.A.; Markvorsen J.S.; Dalager S.; Jensen A.B., 1988: Evaluation of a model performance with data from a large power plant. Grefen, K And J Loebel (Ed ) Environmental Meteorology; International Symposium, Wuerzburg, West Germany, September 29-October 1, 1987 Xi+661p Kluwer Academic Publishers: Dordrecht, Netherlands; Boston, Massachusetts, Usa Illus Maps 93-114

Kloner, Robert, A., 2005: Pharmacology and drug interaction effects of the phosphodiesterase 5 inhibitors: Focus on alpha-blocker interactions. Currently, 3 phosphodiesterase 5 (PDE5) inhibitor agents are available worldwide for the, treatment of erectile dysfunction (ED): sildenafil, vardenafil, and tadalafil. Each of these agents is effective across a broad range of etiologies, includin...