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Immune reconstitution after haploidentical hematopoietic stem cell transplantation

, : Immune reconstitution after haploidentical hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. Biology of Blood and Marrow Transplantation 20(4): 440-449

Haploidentical hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) offers the benefits of rapid and nearly universal donor availability and has been accepted worldwide as an alternative treatment for patients with hematologic malignancies who do not have a completely HLA-matched sibling or who require urgent transplantation. Unfortunately, serious infections and leukemia relapse resulting from slow immune reconstitution remain the 2 most frequent causes of mortality in patients undergoing haploidentical HSCT, particularly in those receiving extensively T cell-depleted megadose CD34(+) allografts. This review summarizes advances in immune recovery after haploidentical HSCT, focusing on the immune subsets likely to have the greatest impact on clinical outcomes. The progress made in accelerating immune reconstitution using different strategies after haploidentical HSCT is also discussed. It is our belief that a predictive immune subset-guided strategy to improve immune recovery might represent a future clinical direction.


PMID: 24315844

DOI: 10.1016/j.bbmt.2013.11.028

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