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Induced hepatic fibrosis in rats: hepatic steatosis, macromolecule content, perfusion parameters, and their correlations--preliminary MR imaging in rats


, : Induced hepatic fibrosis in rats: hepatic steatosis, macromolecule content, perfusion parameters, and their correlations--preliminary MR imaging in rats. Radiology 247(3): 696-705

Purpose: To prospectively evaluate magnetic resonance (MR) imaging for the characterization of liver fibrosis by estimating fat and extracellular matrix content and hepatic perfusion parameters in CCl4-treated rats.Materials and Methods: The animal research protocol was approved by the Institutional Animal Care and Use Committee. Fifty-two rats (38 treated, 14 control) were included. A CCl4 mixture was injected three times per week for 2-16 weeks. Fat-to-water ratios (FWRs) were calculated. Images were obtained with 12 saturation offset frequencies; magnetization transfer ratios (MTRs) were calculated. Distribution volume (DV), mean transit time (MTT), and portal fraction (PF) of blood inflow were calculated. For pairwise group comparisons, an unequal two-tailed Student t test was used. For pairwise correlations between variables, Pearson correlation coefficients were calculated. For multiple pairwise comparisons, Bonferroni correction was performed by adjusting the significance level (alpha).Results: FWR and DV were correlated with CCl4 treatment duration from 0 through 8 weeks (r = 0.658, P < .001 and r = -0.664, P < .001, respectively; P < .010). PF and MTT were correlated with CCl4 treatment duration from 0 through 16 weeks (r = -0.483, P < .002 and r = 0.414, P < .008, respectively; alpha = -.010). DV was inversely correlated with FWR over the same period (r = -0.581, P < .001; alpha = .007). Fibrotic rats without cirrhosis had a higher FWR and lower DV and PF (P < .001, P < .001, and P < .004, respectively; alpha = .017) than control rats, and lower MTR, DV, and MTT (P < .014, .001, and.010, respectively; alpha = .017) than cirrhotic rats. Cirrhotic rats had a higher FWR and a lower PF (P < .001, alpha = .017) than control rats.Conclusion: Magnetization transfer contrast is not a specific indicator of increased fibrosis in diseased liver; steatosis may influence some perfusion parameters.

US$19.90

PMID: 18403622

DOI: 10.1148/radiol.2473070605


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