geoscience.net logo
+ Resolve Article
+ Follow Us
Follow on FacebookFollow on Facebook
Follow on TwitterFollow on Twitter

+ Translate
+ Subscribe to Site Feed
GeoScience Most Shared ContentMost Shared Content

Intestinal tuberculosis


, : Intestinal tuberculosis. Current Opinion in Infectious Diseases 22(5): 490-496

Intestinal tuberculosis (TB) is increasing due partly to the HIV pandemic. Its clinical presentation mimics inflammatory conditions such as Crohn's disease and malignancies, which are becoming more prevalent, so the diagnosis is problematic. Greater awareness of intestinal TB is needed, both in countries where TB is endemic and developed countries with immigrant populations. Some strains of Mycobacterium tuberculosis are associated with more extrapulmonary disease and greater dissemination, thereby exacerbating the rise in HIV-associated extrathoracic TB. Recent retrospective and prospective studies are leading to the development of diagnostic algorithms. A wide range of imaging techniques is available for sampling and diagnosis. New biochemical, immunological and molecular diagnostic methods are being developed but must be standardized and validated. Developments in drug delivery will facilitate oral therapy even in patients suffering from malabsorption. There is an increasing consensus on the risk factors and clinical presentations of intestinal TB. Imaging techniques, coupled with fine needle biopsies, are useful aids to diagnosis, but most important is a greater awareness of the condition by clinicians.

US$19.90

PMID: 19623062

DOI: 10.1097/QCO.0b013e3283306712


Other references

Soreq, H.; Lapidot-Lifson, Y.; Zakut, H., 1991: A role for cholinesterases in tumorigenesis?. Hydrolysis of the neurotransmitter acetylcholine by acetylcholinesterase (ACHE) and butyrylcholinesterase (BCHE) is the rate-limiting step in the termination of cholinergic signaling at neuromuscular junctions. A growing body of evidence suggests...

Mihmanli, M.; Ilhan, E.; Idiz, U.Oguz.; Alemdar, A.; Demir, U., 2016: Recent developments and innovations in gastric cancer. Gastric cancer has an important place in the worldwide incidence of cancer and cancer-related deaths. It can metastasize to the lymph nodes in the early stages, and lymph node metastasis is an important prognostic factor. Surgery is a very importa...

Carpenter, P.B.; Hanlon, D.W.; Kirsch, M.L.; Ordal, G.W., 1994: Novel aspects of chemotactic sensory transduction in Bacillus subtilis. Research in Microbiology 145(5-6): 413-419

Hardesty,S.D.; Leff,P., 2010: Determining marketing costs and returns in alternative marketing channels. Direct marketing is a popular marketing practice among smaller producers in the United States. We conducted detailed case studies of three organic farming operations of different sizes and compared their marketing costs and profitability in altern...

Mayer Gaston, 1972: Worm casts in the lower Muschelkalk at Eschelbronn, Kraichgau. Der Aufschluss, Sonderheft 23(1): 10-11

Handelman, S.L.; Leverett, D.H.; Iker, H.P., 1985: Longitudinal radiographic evaluation of the progress of caries under sealants. Occlusal surfaces of carious and noncarious 1st permanent [human] molars were initially sealed for subjects 6-9 yr of age with an UV light-polymerizing sealant. If at the time of annual recall examination, sealants were judged to be defective, the...

Fagerholm, P.; Forslind, B.; Isacsson, G.; Thyresson, N., 1982: Wholebody autoradiographic study after a single dose of 204 thallium in young rats. Scandinavian Journal of Dental Research 90(1): 14-19

Kostadima, E.; Tsiodras, S.; Alexopoulos, E.I.; Kaditis, A.G.; Mavrou, I.; Georgatou, N.; Papamichalopoulos, A., 2004: Clarithromycin reduces the severity of bronchial hyperresponsiveness in patients with asthma. A randomised double-blind placebo-controlled study was designed to evaluate the effects of a semisynthetic macrolide antibiotic, clarithromycin, on bronchial hyperresponsiveness to methacholine in patients with a diagnosis of asthma. Adult asthma...

Brandt-Carlson, C.; Butel, J.S.; Wheeler, D., 1993: Phylogenetic and structural analyses of MMTV LTR ORF sequences of exogenous and endogenous origins. The long terminal repeat (LTR) of mouse mammary tumor virus (MMTV) harbors an open reading frame (ORF) that encodes a glycoprotein and is present in all exogenous and endogenous MMTV proviruses. The ORF protein has been reported to interact with t...

Dodard, S.G.; Powlowski, J.; Sunahara, G.I., 2004: Biotransformation of 2,4,6-trinitrotoluene by enchytraeids in vivo and in vitro. 2,4,6-Trinitrotoluene (TNT) is toxic to soil invertebrates, but little is known about its toxicokinetic behavior in soil. Tissue residue analysis was used to evaluate whether the presence of TNT and its reduced metabolites in soil invertebrates wa...