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Management of chemotherapy in hemodialysis patients

, : Management of chemotherapy in hemodialysis patients. Bulletin du Cancer 99(3): 371-380

The increased incidence of cancer in dialysis patients has been discussed since the mid-70s. Consequently, oncologists, nephrologists and pharmacists are increasingly facing challenging situations of cytotoxic drug handling in dialysis patients. In dialysis patients, two main issues must be considered. First, renal function of hemodialysis (HD) patients is no longer functional. Therefore, these patients may necessitate drug dosage reduction, namely drug prescription, must be cautiously checked before administration with appropriate dosage adjustment whenever necessary to ensure efficacy while avoiding overdosage and related side effects. Secondly, drug clearance by dialysis must be taken into account for appropriate chemotherapy timing in order to avoid drug removal, which may result in a loss of efficacy. We reviewed the international literature on the pharmacokinetics, efficacy, tolerance and dosage adjustment of anticancer drugs used on hemodialysis cancer patients, using the key words: kidney, renal, dialysis, hemodialysis, end-stage renal disease and the name of each drug. Only case reports and small series were found. 57.1% of the drugs need dosage adjustment and 64.3% should be administered after the dialysis session. Cancer treatment in feasible in dialysis patients. Some drugs require dosage adaptation while others can be given as in patients with normal kidney function. These patients need coordinated care between oncologists, nephrologists and pharmacists to optimize drug delivery and logistics. Frailty scores, like in oncogeriatrics, should be built to optimally adapt cancer treatments in these dialysis patients.


PMID: 22133734

DOI: 10.1684/bdc.2011.1483

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