geoscience.net logo
+ Resolve Article
+ Follow Us
Follow on FacebookFollow on Facebook
Follow on TwitterFollow on Twitter

+ Translate
+ Subscribe to Site Feed
GeoScience Most Shared ContentMost Shared Content

Maximizing results in reconstruction of cheek defects


, : Maximizing results in reconstruction of cheek defects. Clinics in Plastic Surgery 36(3): 461-476

The face is exceedingly important, as it is the medium through which individuals interact with the rest of society. Reconstruction of cheek defects after trauma or surgery is a continuing challenge for surgeons who wish to reliably restore facial function and appearance. Important in aesthetic facial reconstruction are the aesthetic unit principles, by which the face can be divided in central facial units (nose, lips, eyelids) and peripheral facial units (cheeks, forehead, chin). This article summarizes established options for reconstruction of cheek defects and provides an overview of several modifications as well as tips and tricks to avoid complications and maximize aesthetic results.

US$19.90

PMID: 19505614

DOI: 10.1016/j.cps.2009.02.003


Other references

Cherry, R.J., 1994: Variety: 'Paradise Belinda'. Application no. 93/143. This upright, vigorous, autumn-flowering Camellia sasanqua variety with large, pink, semi-double flowers is submitted for the registration of plant variety rights in Australia. It was derived from the controlled pollination of Kanjiro by an unname...

Bi, F.F.nch, P., 1990: HPLC analysis of phytoalexins induced in plant tissues by elicitor treatment. Planta medica 56(6): 626

de Coninck, J., 1988: Ypresian organic-walled phytoplankton in the Belgian Basin and adjacent areas. Bulletin de la Societe Belge de Geologie, 973-4: 287-319

Pustovoĭt, M.I.; Omel'chuk, V.P.; Vitoshchuk, V.I.; Parashchak, P.V.; Lazechko, O.P., 1988: Prevention of osteoporosis of bone fragments in distraction osteosynthesis. Ortopediia Travmatologiia i Protezirovanie: 14-16

Moeller, I.; Chai, S.Y.en; Smith, I.; Lew, R.; Mendelshohn, F.A.O., 1998: Haemorphin peptides may be endogenous ligands for brain angiotensin AT4 receptors. 1. Angiotensin IV (AngIV), the (3-8) fragment of AngII, was previously believed to be an inactive metabolite. However, specific binding sites, termed AT4 receptors, have been identified in the brain and peripheral organs and the peptide has been r...

Coene, K.L.M.; Roos, A.N.; Scharnhorst, V., 2015: Iatrogenic anemia/Twenty-five million liters of blood into the sewer: comment. Journal of Thrombosis and Haemostasis 13(6): 1160-1161

Serra, A.; Mocci, F.; Randaccio, F.S., 1996: Pulmonary function in Sardinian fire fighters. Our study examined the respiratory function of 92 firemen whose main activity is fire fighting in forests and open country. Such fire fighting activities are to be considered a risk to the respiratory tract, taking into account studies already in...

Kroe, D.J.; Pitcock, J.A., 1967: Benign mucous gland adenoma of the bronchus. A case of mucous gland adenoma of the bronchus is presented and the literature briefly reviewed. The neoplasm fits into the general category of "bronchial adenomas." Histologically it is distinct from the carcinoid, cylindroma, or mucoep...

Sommer, C., 1998: Quantitative characterization, classification and reconstruction of oocyst shapes of Eimeria species from cattle. This study reports on morphological variability of Eimeria species, which may be given either by drawings or as quantitative data. The drawings may be used to facilitate identification by eye of 'unknown' Eimeria specimens, whereas quant...

Liang, H-Wei.; Shen, Y-Liang.; Chen, Z-Xiong.; Xia, Q., 2002: Changes in field excitatory postsynaptic potential and population spike in CA1 region of rat hippocampal slices following low-frequency stimulation. The technique of extracellular recording was used and the changes in the slope of field excitatory postsynaptic potential (S-EPSP) and the amplitude of population spike (A-PS) were observed when homosynaptic long-term depression (LTD) was induced...