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Mechanistic and computational studies of exocyclic stereocontrol in the synthesis of bryostatin-like cis-2,6-disubstituted 4-alkylidenetetrahydropyrans by Prins cyclization

, : Mechanistic and computational studies of exocyclic stereocontrol in the synthesis of bryostatin-like cis-2,6-disubstituted 4-alkylidenetetrahydropyrans by Prins cyclization. Journal of Organic Chemistry 78(1): 104-115

The Prins cyclization of syn-β-hydroxy allylsilanes and aldehydes gives cis-2,6-disubstituted 4-alkylidenetetrahydropyrans as sole products in excellent yields regardless of the aldehyde (R″) or syn-β-hydroxy allylsilane substituent (R') used. By reversing the R″ and R' groups, complementary exocyclic stereocontrol can be achieved. When the anti-β-hydroxy allylsilanes are used, the Prins cyclization gives predominantly cis-2,6-disubstituted 4-alkylidenetetrahydropyrans, now with the opposite olefin geometry in excellent yield. The proposed reaction mechanism and the observed stereoselectivity for these processes are supported by DFT calculations.


PMID: 23121542

DOI: 10.1021/jo301953h

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