geoscience.net logo
+ Resolve Article
+ Follow Us
Follow on FacebookFollow on Facebook
Follow on TwitterFollow on Twitter

+ Translate
+ Subscribe to Site Feed
GeoScience Most Shared ContentMost Shared Content

Medical management of thyroid eye disease


, : Medical management of thyroid eye disease. Saudi Journal of Ophthalmology 25(1): 3-13

Thyroid eye disease (TED) is the most common cause of orbital disease in adults. The immunologic pathogenesis of TED has been an area of active research and considerable progress has resulted in an expansion of therapeutic options. Although surgical intervention may be required, a majority of TED patients can be managed with medical therapies. Of medical therapies, glucocorticoids remain the agent of choice in the control of TED activity. The objective of this review is to discuss the paradigm and options in medical management of TED.

US$19.90

PMID: 23960897

DOI: 10.1016/j.sjopt.2010.10.001


Other references

Kierszenbaum F.; Budzko D.B.; Miller H.C., 1980: Selective removal of thymus derived cell function from mouse lymphocyte suspensions by treatment with normal guinea pig serum. Treatment of murine spleen cells with normal guinea pig serum [GPS] selectively abrogated responsiveness of these cells to the T [thymus-derived] cell mitogens PHA [phytohemagglutinin] or Con [concanavalin] A, but failed to affect responses to LPS...

Paul, R.H.; Cohen, R.A.; Goldstein, J.M.; Gilchrist, J.M., 2000: Severity of mood, self-evaluative, and vegetative symptoms of depression in myasthenia gravis. The mood, self-evaluative, and vegetative symptoms of depression in myasthenia gravis were assessed. The frequency of depression was significantly elevated only when assessed by measuring vegetative symptoms. These findings suggest that mood in ne...

Kulesza P.; Watson R.D., 1991: Protein biosynthesis in manduca sexta prothoracic glands stimulation by big prothoracicotropic hormone. Journal of the Alabama Academy of Science 62(2-3): 66

Jain, K.K., 2003: Personalized medicine. Personalized medicine simply means the prescription of specific therapeutics best suited for an individual based on pharmacogenetic and pharmacogenomic information. The basis of personalized medicine are reviewed. Several technologies are used inc...

Woo, J.; Chough, S.K., 2010: Growth patterns of the Cambrian microbialite; phototropism and speciation of Epiphyton. Microbes started constructing shallow marine stromatolitic bioherms in the Archean, but they transferred their role as a major buildup maker to metazoans in Phanerozoic. Microbial buildups often recovered their predominance in the carbonate platfo...

Mehes, J., 1938: Experimented Untersuchungen uber den Juckreflex am Tier II Auslosen heftiger Juckanfalle bei der Katze durch intracisternale Injektionen von Mor-phium und einiger seiner Derivate. Intracisternal inj. of morphine in cats produced a scratch reflex (Konigstein, Wiener Klin. Woch., no. 26. 1936.). Codeine and paracodeine also elicited the reflex; Dionine and heroin did not. After paralysis of sensory skin nerves of the head and...

Chai, J.; Song, H.; Sheng, Z.; Chen, B.; Yang, H.; Li, L., 2003: Repair and reconstruction of massively damaged burn wounds. To report repair and reconstruction of massively damaged burn wounds under unusual condition. One hundred forty-eight patients with deep burn tissue defects admitted from January 1993 through December 2000 were analyzed, among them 96 patients suf...

Harvey, M.J.; Barbour, R.W., 1965: Home range of Microtus ochwgaster as determined by a modified minimum area method. Journal of Mammalogy, 46: 398-402

Klein, RG., 1982: Age mortality profiles as a means of distinguishing hunted species from scavenged ones in Stone Age archeological sites. Some ungulate species at Upper Pleistocene and Holocene archaelogical sites in South Africa exhibit catastrophic mortality profiles, others exhibit attritional ones. The awareness by Stone Age people that some species are especially amenable to dr...

Oelofse, A.; Malherbe, S.; Pretorius, I.S.; D.T.it, M., 2011: Preliminary evaluation of infrared spectroscopy for the differentiation of Brettanomyces bruxellensis strains isolated from red wines. The objective of this study was to evaluate different infrared spectroscopy methods in combination with chemometrics for the differentiation between Brettanomyces bruxellensis strains. These methods of discrimination were applied to intact yeast c...