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Molecular analysis of X-linked inborn errors of purine metabolism: HPRT1 and PRPS1 mutations

, : Molecular analysis of X-linked inborn errors of purine metabolism: HPRT1 and PRPS1 mutations. Nucleosides, Nucleotides & Nucleic Acids 30(12): 1272-1275

Mutations of two enzyme genes, HPRT1 encoding hypoxanthine guanine phosphoribosyltransferase (HPRT) and PRPS1 encoding a catalytic subunit (PRS-I) of phosphoribosylpyrophosphate synthetase, cause X-linked inborn errors of purine metabolism. Analyzing these two genes, we have identified three HPRT1 mutations in Lesch-Nyhan families following our last report. One of them, a new mutation involving the deletion of 4224 bp from intron 4 to intron 5 and the insertion of an unknown 28 bp, has been identified. This mutation resulted in an enzyme polypeptide with six amino acids deleted due to abnormal mRNA skipping exon 5. The other HPRT1 mutations, a single base deletion (548delT, 183fs189X), and a point mutation causing a splicing error (532+1G>A, 163fs165X) were detected first in Japanese patients but have been reported in European families. On the other hand, in the analysis of PRPS1, no mutation was identified in any patient.


PMID: 22132986

DOI: 10.1080/15257770.2011.597369

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